Women in Psychology
When one thinks about the field of psychology and those great names that made such great contributions to the field like; Freud and Skinner to name a few come to mind, one thinks of those men who made a important finding about psychology, nonetheless those names hold great meaning to the field, but along the way there have been several influential women who have also made such great contributions to the field, may who have been theorist, pioneers and counselors. Among some of these women there is a name that stands out the most, her name is Anna Freud. This paper will discuss Anna Freud’s background, her theoretical perspective and the contributions she was able to ...view middle of the document...
In 1922 Anna presented a paper called “Beating Fantasies and Daydreams” to the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society and soon after that she became a member of the psychoanalytical society. Later on Anne soon became the director of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Training Institute where she had published many studies. Anna Freud created what we know today as the field of child psychoanalysis. The field of child psychoanalysis is a sub-field of psychology. In this sub-field Anna implemented her father’s work with some modifications, aiming to the needs of children creating a therapeutic technique for children and adolescents. Sigmund Freud marked a great time in the evolution of psychology, and his daughter Anna used this as a base for her studies, focusing mainly in children, though she did work on other projects she became well know, after creating the sub-field known as the child psychoanalysis.
She continued her father’s legacy in the pursuit of psychotherapy along with her father’s theories as applied to children.
But the economic and political situation in Austria wasn’t the best during the 1930’s and Anna and her lifelong friend Dorothy became worried by this situation. Anna Freud decided to found the Hempstead Nursery in London, where she had moved to better perfect her English and to be able to treat children, Anna and Dorothy had the opportunity to run the school where they were able to observe infants’ behavior and experiment with their feeding patterns, in which they allowed children to pick their food and respected their choice to organize their own play. The Nursery served as psychoanalytic program and home for homeless children. Shortly after the nursery had to be close since the Nazis, forcing Freud to flee, had taken Austria. Ernest Jones and Princess Bonaparte provided vital assistance by obtaining papers.
In 1952 Anna Freud and Dorothy Burlingham created the Hempstead Child Therapy Course and Clinic, where Freud served as the director from 1952 until her death in 1982. After her passing away, the school was re-named in her memory as “The Anna Freud Center”
At the clinic Anna and her staff held weekly case study sessions, which provided them with practical and theoretical insights into their work. Their technique involved the use of developmental lines charting theoretical normal growth "from dependency to emotional self-reliance", and diagnostic profiles that enabled the analyst to separate and identify the case specific factors that deviated from, or conformed to, normal development. In her book Normality and Pathology in Childhood. She summarized material from work at the Hampstead Clinic as well as observations at the Well Baby Clinic, the Nursery School and Nursery School for Blind Children. Her work in the clinic also helped her write her first book, various series of lectures that would help teachers and parents, called: Introduction to the Techniques of Child Analysis.
Later in 1923 her father, Sigmund Freud became...