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Psychologists' Compare And Contrast Essay

3200 words - 13 pages

Psychologists' Compare And Contrast –
Jean Piaget & Sigmund Freud

Similarities and differences
Jean Piaget was a philosopher and developmental Swiss psychologist who is widely known for the epistemology studies relating children. Piaget’s theory of epistemology and cognitive development are both referred to as genetic epistemology.  Jean Piaget’s specific concern was on cognitive or intellectual development of a child and manner in which minds progress and process knowledge. Piaget’s fundamental thesis was based on the fact that children’s first grow theories of self-centric about the environment they are living in or about persons and objects in that ...view middle of the document...

Freud also postulated the subsistence of libido, which is an energy by which mental structures and processes are invested and generates neurotically attachments or death drive, a source of hate, neurotic guilt, repetition and aggression.
Both Freud and Piaget main concerns were that of development, and this is a sequence of age-related modifications that occur in the life span of an individual. A stage is defined as developmental period where individuals exhibit typical behavioral patterns or establish particular capacities. Individuals go through stages by specific order building capacities which were developed initially. Stages are normally age related, and development is usually discontinuous by way of qualitative diverse capacity that emerges in every stage. Sigmund gave a description of personality development through a sequence of stages. Of the stages, Freud believed childhood was generally important and that personality normally developed when a child was five years. Freud proposed a theory of development of a child , which occurred in a sequence of stages focused on diverse pleasures on body areas. During every stage, a child encountered conflicts that played a key role in the child’s development. Piaget concerns were cognitive development where children experienced changes as they matured and interacted with the people in the environment around them. As children begin to learn, they modify and expand their schema to represent the universe. 
Personal and professional assessment
Jean Piaget is one of the best child development and well-known specialists. Piaget’s work was foremost published during the 19th century, but the theory on cognitive development still has an influence to the contemporary clinics and researchers until now. Piaget’s research discovered that the young people at approximately the age of eleven on average entered the formal operations stage; nevertheless, there was a huge deal of individual differences with respect into normal development. Youngsters’ cognitive development may be affected through many factors such as numerous medical conditions, physical or emotional trauma and family cultures. A concerned parent, who realizes that there is no development in their children, normally discusses the concerns with the health caregivers of their children, and professionals like school administrators, guidance counselors and teachers.  If the professions find a cause to the concerns, the child may be referred to a psychoanalyst to get further assessments. Personally, I think the youths are now able to consider any situation and problem and they can be able to identify the various variables which affect or influence them. This has enabled the youths to have more logical and specific way of approaching problems through propositional thought and hypothetical- deductive reasoning.
Freudians psychoanalysis which is a related framework of interpretive strategy, developmental theory and clinical...

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