Psychologist Essay

2864 words - 12 pages

Psychologist Job Descriptions: Humans are complex beings. For this reason, our behaviour and mental processes need to be studied in order to understand, explain and, if necessary, change them. Psychologists study the way people think, feel and behave, and use this information to help them function better in their day-to-day lives.Most psychologists work directly with people. Their clients include people who are mentally or emotionally ill, and those who have problems with their spouses or families and have trouble adapting to school or work life.Some psychologists specialize in certain areas: - Clinical psychologists work in places such as hospitals, clinics and counselling centres. They ...view middle of the document...

They work in settings such as university counselling centres and hospitals, as well as in individual or group practices.Counselling clients in these areas involves assessing their general state of being (usually through interviews) suggesting ways in which they can deal with their problems, and perhaps designing special behavioural modification programs and other forms of treatment. Psychologists may provide one-on-one therapy or may facilitate group sessions.Other types of psychologists include experimental, developmental and statistical psychologists. Experimental psychologists conduct controlled experiments on humans and animals, revealing things about motivation, learning, perception or behaviour. Developmental psychologists focus on changes that occur during infancy, adolescence, old age and other stages in the human maturation process. And statistical psychologists make use of surveys, interviews and statistics to shed light on important social and political issues.Unlike psychiatrists, psychologists are not qualified to prescribe medication for their patients.Educational Path: To become licensed as a practicing psychologist, you must have a master's degree or PhD in psychology, depending on your specialization. You must also register with your provincial college of psychologists.Psychologists plan to start a private practice may benefit from courses in accounting and administration.Additional training in specialized or alternative approaches to psychology, such as hypnosis or holistic practices, might also be helpful.Other Suggested Qualifications Psychologists work with people with all kinds of behavioural, emotional, physical and mental problems. Dealing with people in these situations requires emotional maturity and stability.Related Subjects English Social Sciences Sciences Health Studies Social Studies Psychology Sociology Salary Expectations: Psychologists are employed by educational institutions, health organizations, government agencies and research institutions. Some work as consultants for business organizations. Many are self-employed and work in private practices. Others work in group practices.Psychologists usually work full-time and earn between $50,000 and $75,000 a year. Those with PhDs working in private practice receive the highest salaries, up to $100,000 a year.Promotional Opportunities: LEVEL 1 Intern EARNINGS $35,000 to $50,000 a year.REQUIREMENTS -Master's degree or PhD in psychology.RESPONSIBILITIES Doing research; conducting test or experiments; counselling people""all under the supervision of a registered psychologist.LEVEL 2 Registered Psychologist EARNINGS $50,000 to $90,000 a year.REQUIREMENTS -PhD in psychology. -Registration with the provincial college of psychologists.RESPONSIBILITIES Counselling people; performing psychological assessments; conducting research.LEVEL 3 Director of a Social Service Agency or Psychology EARNINGS $70,000 to $80,000 a year.REQUIREMENTS -Several years of experience as a...

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