Psychological Disorders Essay

1253 words - 6 pages

Psychological Disorders
Shirley Myers
Psy/240
06/26/2011
Gazda

There are a plethora of psychological disorders to be discussed and the many theories about these disorders are endless. Along with theories about the disorders there are also many different kinds of treatments with many different effects. There are also levels of severity that come along with each individual mental disorder. Some of these disorders include Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, and Tourette syndrome. There are treatments for these disorders but with all treatments there can be negative results associated with the treatment. The theories associated with each disorder give ...view middle of the document...

There is also another disorder that can be treated by Chlorpromazine which is called Bipolar.
Bipolar disorder is known as a disorder that can cause absolute mania or severe depression. There are levels associated with Bipolar disorder which are level one and two. Level one depressives and not as severe as level twos and there is an option to learn other coping mechanisms to control the disorder without relying on medication such as exercise as an outlet for their mania. Level two Bipolar disorder is usually treated with mediation such as Chlorpromazine or a medication known to control blood pressure which is called Clonidine. The blood pressure medication is known to help an individual who suffers from Bipolar when they are in their manic phase. It is known to control physical urges and outburst along with anger and will help keep them calm. There are also several medications that will treat the depression aspect of the disorder such as Zoloft or Paxil. Pinel discusses, “One prominent theory of depression is the Monoamine Theory” (Pinel, 2009). The reasoning behind this theory is that depression is caused by the over acceptance of serotonin and the inactivity of adrenergic synapses. Certain MAOI’s can be used in the medicinal treatment of Bipolar also. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors can block the amount of serotonin that is accepted which can lead to a lessening in the symptoms of Bipolar. Clonidine is a medication that treats both Bipolar disorder and another disorder called Tourette syndrome.
Tourette syndrome, which is classified as a nueropathological disorder, is defined as, “multiple motor and vocal tics lasting for more than one year” (What Is Tourette Syndrome? Par. 1, 2001). These individuals suffer from uncontrollable movements and jerks along with vocal outburst that may consist of profanity. One major theory is that individuals posses a gene for the disorder that is triggered by other environmental conditions and changes (Eubanks, 2011). There are several medications that can be used to treat Tourette syndrome along with another form of treatment. This form of treatment is known as deep brain stimulation. This treatment entails placing a brain pacemaker inside the brain to control electrical impulses in the brain. This treatment still remains experimental. There are medications that also treat this disorder such as Haloperidol which is known to treat Tourette syndrome along with Schizophrenia. Xanax is another medication that may be used to calm the involuntary movements and not only helps to treat Tourette syndrome but is also used to treat Panic disorder.
`Panic or Anxiety disorder is a disorder that usually brought about by some kind of stress in an individual’s life. This could be just daily stress about money or something as severe as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder which occurs after some sort of major trauma. There are five major classes of...

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