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Psychological Disorders Essay

1309 words - 6 pages

Hello, I am back! I have just finished my research on abnormality and psychological disorders for humans. Before I go into the different abnormalities and the disorders, I think it is best if you first understood what is considered “abnormal.” Everyone has their own view on what is normal or abnormal; you may think someone is normal when they actually are a threat to the people around them. Also, you can see someone in the park wearing something outlandish and think he or she is very weird, but that just might be their sense of style. This would be known as social nonconformity, where the person may be wearing an unusual outfit or they may have colorful tattoos and piercings covering their ...view middle of the document...

These people hear and see things that aren’t there as well as thinking things that are not true. Organic mental disorders come from damage done to the brain, via drugs, injury, diseases, etc. There are also mood disorders where the person suffering can go through extreme depression or mania. Anxiety disorders are marked by intense fear or stress and by distorted behavior. People suffering from anxiety disorders can experience feelings of panic or phobias as well. A person with a dissociative disorder may suffer from temporary amnesia, multiple personalities, or extreme depersonalization. Somatoform disorders occur when the person feels the physical symptoms of a disease or injury, but there is no physical cause for the pain. Unhealthy personality patterns are categorized under personality disorders. Sexual and gender identity disorders include anything dealing with difficulties with one’s sexual identity, deviant sexual behavior, or sexual adjustment. Lastly, substance-related disorders deal with the abuse and dependence on psychoactive mood- or behavior-altering drugs.
A person suffering from psychosis loses contact with reality and experiences hallucinations, delusions, sensory changes, disturbed emotions and communication, and personality disintegration. Organic psychosis comes from injuries or diseases of the brain, which can be caused by poisoning, drug abuse, or dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Delusional disorders are almost completely based on the presence of intense false beliefs of greatness, persecution, infidelity, romantic attraction, or physical disease. The most common delusional disorder is paranoid psychosis; anyone suffering from this may get very violent if they think they are threatened.
A major disorder is schizophrenia. There are different forms of schizophrenia which all involve some types of delusions, hallucinations, communication difficulties, and a split between thought and emotion. So far, the only explanations for this are prenatal injuries, early trauma, environmental stress, abnormalities on the brain, or inherited susceptibility. Recent studies have been focusing on dopamine and its receptor sites as a factor of getting schizophrenia. Disorganized schizophrenia is characterized by extreme personality disintegration and bizarre, obscene behavior. Catatonic schizophrenia deals with stupor, mutism, and odd positions. Violence and agitation can occur here as well. The most common form is paranoid schizophrenia, which the person experiences delusions of greatness and persecution along with psychotic symptoms and personality breakdowns.
Next are mood disorders, which have to do with disturbances of mood or emotion. This causes either a manic or a depressive state. If the disorder is severe enough, psychotic symptoms may arise. Major mood disorders can partially be explained by genetic vulnerability and alterations in brain chemistry. A person experiencing a long moderately depressed state would be diagnosed with...

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