University of Phoenix Material
Psychodynamic Personality Theories Matrix
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, complete the following table.
Theory | Assumptions | Reliability | Validity | Application |
Psychoanalytic Theory | -First developed by Sigmund Freud.-Negates influenced by free will.-Influenced by genetics as well as the environment.-behavior occurs as a result of internal conflict unresolved from childhood.-behavior is motivated by unconscious motives and desires.-these unconscious motives sometime resulted in what were termed Freudian slips.-occurred as a result of childhood experiences.-proposed that personality is ...view middle of the document...
-There is some validity to Freud’s theory even though his observations were limited and lacking in scientific data.-Focused a lot on sexual motivation and aggression, this fact did not hold true for all individuals.-Did not account for adult experiences as a factor for behavior, motivation and personality.Research on the influence of environmental factors was not included.-Information is not applicable to all individuals and does not account for all personality types, observations were conducted on small sample size. | -Used today in psychoanalytic therapy and counseling.-Helpful in getting individuals to see the relationship between their behavior and past experiences.-Transference utilized today in psychotherapy. -Was a useful starting point for further research in the study of human personality development.-Ideas utilized today to treat individual with mental illnesses, such as dream analysis. |
Individual Psychological Theory | -Proposed by Alfred Adler.-Includes the whole individual and social interests.Personality occurred as a result of birth order as well as health and influences from one’s environment.-Believed that one’s personality develops as a result of an individual’s feelings of inferiority, the goal being that of success or perfection.-Involves individual free will and the desire for control or overcompensate for their inadequacies.-Involves the conscious and the unconscious.-developed out of opposition towards the sexual motivation aggression theory proposed by Sigmund Freud.-Believed that self actualization occurred as a result of individual actions and how they visualized the future.-Emphasized self awareness as responsible for an individual’s actions or behavior.-The need for superiority was a motivational factor.-It was Adler’s belief that an individual was equipped with all that was required to help them...