psychoanalytic Personality Assessment
By: Trevor Wilkens
Professor: K. Williams
What does it mean to be a person? In other words, how are people unique and what makes us unique? Personality psychologists such as Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler answer these fascinating questions through systematic observations about how and why individuals behave as they do. These personality psychologists tend to avoid abstract philosophical or religious musings and focus instead on the thoughts, feelings, and, behaviors of real people. In this assessment I will talk about Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler’s theories and explain what makes each of them ...view middle of the document...
Conscious ego is personality that is conscious. Personal unconscious means the minds contains thoughts and feelings that are not part of the conscious ego. Collective unconscious is a part of the unconscious mind incorporating patterns of memories, instincts, and experiences common to all mankind. These patterns are inherited, may be arranged into archetypes, and are observable through their effects on dreams, and behavior. Alfred Adler had a tendency to change his theory on personality throughout his life but he ultimately believed that people are focused on maintaining control over their lives. He believed in single drive or motivating force behind our behavior, claiming that the desire we have to fulfill our potentials becomes closer and closer to our ideals. Alders theory is called the “Individual Psychology because he felt each person was unique and no previous theory applied to all people. Adler's theory included these four aspects: the development of personality, striving towards superiority, psychological health, and the unity of personality.” The difference from Adler, when being compared to Jung and Freud is that Adler rejected Freud's emphasis on sex, and maintained that personality difficulties are rooted in a feeling of inferiority deriving from restrictions on the individual's need for self-assertion. Many psychologists accepted Alfred's popular idea of self-actualization. Although Freud’s theories were mostly based off of sexuality I agree that childhood experiences can affect adult behavior for better or for worse. For example, growing up I had never knew who my dad was because he left when I was a newborn baby and I think that affects me in a good positive way as an adult because I do not want my future kids growing up without a father figure, and it makes me even more of an independent male with a positive look on everything. For some people not knowing their dad can become a negative thing because by not having a father figure around they may end up making bad decisions that can lead to jail time.
The stages of Sigmund Freud’s theory are as followed oral, anal, phallic stage, latency period, and the genital stage. The oral stage takes place from birth to age 2, where the child explores the world using their mouth. Infants are driven to satisfy their drives of hunger and thirst, and they turn to the mother’s breast or bottle for this satisfaction, as well as for the security and pleasure that comes from nursing. The anal stage,...