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Psychoactive Drugs Essay

1825 words - 8 pages

Abstract: all drugs affect the mind but psychoactive drugs are a specific type of drug that is specifically made to affect the brain’s chemistry in order to correct an imbalance or abnormality. They have many medicinal uses, beneficial to humans, yet people use them recreationally. Former athletes used them primarily for medicinal uses but most soon fell into addiction or abused them on others. They have various effects on us as humans, creating altered states of consciousness that causes us to even forget what we are doing and hurt ourselves. Fortunately, there are rehabilitation centers and drug organizations that help spread awareness and provide drug abuse help.

In January 2012, ...view middle of the document...

Meaning that although the medicine has a stronger effect, it leaves the body and is untraceable after 24 hours of being administered, which is the opposite of how most drugs work. Normally the stronger the dose, the longer the effects, but to prevent unnecessary accidents and prevent the prolonged amnesia state the medicine creates, it leaves the body fast, which is why it is undetectable.
I talked about this instance to show how the effects of medicinal drugs. Not only is this a medicinal drug, but it is also a psychoactive drug, meaning that its first function is to aim for the mind. Zolpidem alters the subconscious and conscious mind greatly of those who take it. Users usually suffer depression, confusion, hallucinations, and even memory loss or memory problems. As a sedative, it is among the most effective ever created and disperses rather quickly.
Psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that affect the brain functioning, causing changes in behavior, mood and consciousness (The Body, "Psychoactive Drugs"). Psycho- stands for “psychological”, or having to do with the mind, and -active means what it works actively on. While these drugs can be used therapeutically to treat both physical and psychological disorders, they are also used recreationally to alter mood, perceptions and consciousness.
All psychoactive drugs are classified under two main categories: stimulants and depressants. Stimulants are a class of psychoactive drug that increase activity in the brain. These drugs can temporarily elevate alertness, mood, and awareness. The drugs give the user a rush of adrenalin which is closely followed by a crash. While some stimulant drugs are legal and widely used, all can be addicting. Stimulants share many commonalities, but each has unique properties and mechanisms of action. Drugs that are classed as stimulants include caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, and prescription drugs.
Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive drug in the world, found in coffee, tea, cocoa, chocolate candy, and soft drinks. While caffeine has several positive effects such as increasing energy and mental alertness, heavy use can cause symptoms such as anxiety and insomnia. Caffeine is physically addictive, and withdrawal symptoms can include headaches, fatigue, and irritability. Nicotine is considered one of the three most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world, despite the fact that there are few, if any, medical uses for the drug (Types of Drugs, "Types of Stimulants"). During the early to mid-twentieth century, smoking was considered fashionable. Reports of the adverse health consequences have led to cigarette use being increasingly shunned. However, the Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) reports that approximately 66.5 million Americans over the age of 12 (or 29 percent of the population) used a nicotine containing product in 2001.
Cocaine is an illegal psychoactive drug made from the leaves of the...

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