PSY 435 TuTh 11:00-12:15pm
Article Critique #1 (Addiction Theories)
“Television addiction: Theories and Data Behind the Ubiquitous Metaphor”
This article was presented in the American Psychological Association by Robert
Mcllwraith, Robin Jacobvitz, Robert Kubey, and Alison Alexander. Mcllwraith is the head of the Department of Clinical Health Psychology and the director of the Rural and Northern Psychology Program. Jacobvitz is a Psychology educator and consultant in Albuquerque, NM. Kubey is the professor of Journalism and Media Studies, and director of the Center for Media Studies at Rutgers University. Alexander has a Ph.D in Communication at Ohio State ...view middle of the document...
It was written by Melvin Williams, PH.D. Williams has left his mark on endurance athletics as a researcher, author of ten books, international lecturer and a distance runner himself. Local runners refer to him as “The Legend” for his knowledge of ways to improve performances, his countless age-group victories and his willingness to help others set personal records. The population targeted in this article is any athletes or exercise science personnel. This paper was written to show insight to the components and usage of ergogenics. Ergogenic aids are any influence or substance that can be determined to enhance performance. This article is broken down into eight parts. The opener introduces the concept of sports performance factors. Pat two shows the ways different sports ergogenics might enhance specific sports performance factors. The third part provides an overview of how sports ergogenics can boost energy and power while part four centers on the development of mental strength. Part five concentrates on the use of physics to gain a mechanical edge in sport. The sixth part identifies the sports performance factors that are important to certain sports. Part seven goes over the importance of research in determining the effectiveness of sports ergogenics and highlights safety concerns, legal aspects and ethical issues. The last part provides information on the nature of each specific sports ergogenic as well as an included list of prohibited substances and treatments. I enjoyed this article because sports ergogenics are often mistaken for pure steroids and should be brought to light.
PSY 435 TuTh 11:00-12:15pm
Article Critique #3 (Current Event: Alcohol)
“Delay in Brain Growth Induced by Alcohol in Artificially Reared Rat Pups”
This article tests and examines the effect of alcohol on the body and growth of the neonatal rat and was analyzed and written by James West, Kristin Hamre, and Dwight Pierce. West is a distinguished professor at the Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics at Texas A&M. Hamre is an assistant professor for the Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Pierce is an associate professor at the University of Iowa with a Ph.D in Anatomy. The reader population should consist of people with the interest or field of alcohol effects on the body. The authors wrote this article to show the data that suggests the blood alcohol concentrations reached in the study could be near the threshold dose for creating deficits in brain growth. Also, it shows that females have a lower threshold than the males. An artificial rearing procedure was used to give milk formula containing 2.8% alcohol to rat pups during days four through ten of the experiment. Gross measurements indicate that while the exposure to alcohol did not restrict body growth, it did negatively affect several parameters of brain growth. There were deficits in brain weight...