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Psy 410 Week 3 Abnormal Psychology

1059 words - 5 pages

Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex, and Personality Disorders
Psychology 410
07/21/2012
Professor Christa Banton
University of Phoenix

Disorders
There exist various types of psychological disorders that impact the lives of individuals in society; these entail substance abuse and eating disorders. Individuals might undergo with gender and sexual disorders along with impulse control and personality disorders: the disorder sees the person become isolated and hold back from members of society. The realm of psychology has established these disorders and engendered treatments.
Eating disorders entail a substantive trouble with food. A number of ...view middle of the document...

The most crucial factors appear to stem from societal pressures, along with traits in personality. Behavior might result depending on genetic or biological factors along the lines of hormones and chemical imbalances in the brain.
A substance abuse disorder transpires when a person overuses a substance that sees them become inebriated. The consistent use of drugs or alcohol instigates psychological alterations in the substance abuser. The behavior and bodily utilities of the individual change and the central nervous system worsen. It is a mental health disorder that has stemmed from prolonged substance abuse. Substance abuse points to addiction in individuals that are biologically prone to excessive usage. Addiction might be genetic and social, and some individuals may drink or take drugs without becoming addicted whereas others go on to be easily addicted. Substance dependence is physiological as well as genetic (2010).
Sexual disorders cover a wide spectrum of disarrays. They consist of troubles with sexual identity, performance, and aim. The three pertinent categories of sexual disorders are sexual dysfunction, gender identity disorder and paraphilia. Sexual dysfunctions halt or lessen an individual's gratification of regular sex and avert or diminish the usual physiological changes taken on normally by sexual arousal (1999). The issues are reported to occur throughout the desire stage. The arousal stage comprises erectile dysfunction or, in females, the inability to become aroused. Subjects undergo a disinterest in sex known as hypoactive desire or take on an aversion to sex. A person that has continuous troubles with sexual dysfunction is branded with a sexual dysfunction disorder.
Paraphilia is the requirement for particular, non human objects or stimuli that is essential to arouse the person. Gender identity disorder transpires when an individual has an interior conflict relating to sexual gender. The individual undergoes feelings of being in the wrong body. The sexual disorder takes place through past issues or biological factors. Sexual aversion disorder happens when an individual takes on an aversion to sex. The thought of sex makes them uneasy. They will abstain from sexual contact and take on an aversion for sexual body parts.
Impulse control disorder denotes reckless and uncontrollable behavior. The individual is impulsive and reacts in an unrestrained manner. The behavior is uncommon in society and goes on to self destructive results. The five major categories noted in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Dombeck, 1995) are Kleptomania, Pathological gambling, Intermittent Explosive Disorder,...

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