April 17, 2016
Most people have felt sadness at some point in their life. It is a normal reaction to the loss of a loved one or even just everyday life struggles. When these feelings of sadness start to last longer than a few days and begins to keep you from functioning normal it may be more than just sadness. Clinical depression is a treatable medical condition that many people experience in throughout life. Depression is considered a mood disorder. “Mood disorders are a category of illnesses that describe a serious change in mood” (Mental Health America, 2016). Other mood disorders include unipolar disorder and bipolar ...view middle of the document...
Symptoms of depression can include sadness, anxiousness, sleeping too much or too little, reduced appetite, loss of energy, difficulty concentrating, thoughts of suicide, feeling guilt and hopelessness. While there is no cure for bipolar disorder there are treatment options for patients who are diagnosed. Medications, professional help and support from family and friends help individuals with bipolar disorder to stabilize their emotions and behavior (Mental Health America, 2016). Common medications to treat bipolar disorder are Lithium, Olanzapine, Carbomazepine and Dicalproex Sodium. Lithium is used to help control mania. Olanzapine is an antipsychotic. Carbomazepine and Divalproex Sodium are mood-stabilizers.
Someone who is experiencing unipolar depression doesn’t experience the “highs” that those with bipolar depression have (ULifeline, 2016). Instead those with unipolar depression experience major depressive episodes. A major depressive episode is a period of time when a person is experiencing at least five symptoms of depression and they are lasting for two weeks or more (Comer, R. J., 2011). Genetic factors play a role in the cause of unipolar depression as well as biochemical factors. “Low activity of two neurotransmitter chemicals, norepinephrine and serotonin, has been strongly linked to unipolar depression” (Comer, R. J., 2011). While the causes of unipolar depression are very similar to those of bipolar disorder, unipolar depression is generally triggered by a traumatic or stressful event occurring in a person’s life. Antidepressant drugs...