Trudy A. Linden-Craft
Psychology and Health Problems
Every individual, at one time or another will experience some level of stress in his or her daily lives. “The likelihood of contracting an illness—be it the flu or cancer— can reflect the interaction of many factors, including genetic factors and lifestyle factors” (Nevid & Rathus, 2005, pg 128). Studies in health psychology have revealed that there is not a distinct straightforward answer to the multitude of questions that arise. When determining how one’s health and susceptibility to stress-related illness is affected, the multifactoral model illustrates a wide range of factors that consist of biological, ...view middle of the document...
This woman would need to consider changing some things in her lifestyle such as her eating habits while trying to control or delay the genetic trait from exposing itself. “The good news is that practicing healthier behaviors can save lives” (Nevid & Rathus, 2005, pg. 128).
Psychological factors also known as one’s behavior and personality, also plays a part in an individual health and illness. The effect of an individual’s health is greatly determined by the attitude, behavior, and emotion of the individual. Many deaths occur each year because of poor behavioral choices which leads to a weaken immune system. Some of those behavioral choices that weaken one’s immune system include smoking, lack of exercise, poor eating habits, and excessive alcohol drinking. Anxiety and depression are also factors that affect the immune system and potentially lead to physical disorders. With steps taken to recognize and treat an individual’s emotional state, the risk of physical illness as well as one’s mental wellbeing would improve.
Sociocultural factors are also linked to an individual’s health and illness because many of the factors are based on the person’s ability to access necessary medical treatments. Some of the factors include gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the health issues that affect both genders but is diagnosed more quickly in men than women. Because of the woman’s estrogen hormone, gender plays a part in how a cardiac arrest is treated between the sexes. The ethnicity of an individual also determines the types of illness one is likely to acquire such as hypertension and heart disease. One’s socioeconomic status (SES) contributes to quality of life, diet differences, life expectancy of a person, and access to health care. The lower a person’s income, the less of a chance one would receive quality healthcare.
One's environment holds significant influence over one's health, such as: vehicle safety; over-crowding; design of architecture that is injury-resistant, nontoxic, provides noise insulation, and air quality; water purity; sanitation; pollution; radiation; global warming; ozone depletion; and natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and temperature extremes. (Nevid & Rathus, 2005) One alternative to reducing environmental factors to effectively influence an individual’s health would be to relocate to an area with minimal amount of pollution and disasters. Other alternatives to effectively influence an individual’s environmental factor would be to use air purifiers and water filtration systems, recycle, take preventive measures during natural disasters, and perform frequent vehicle maintenance.
Medical research study is imperative for health professionals to gain knowledge that can assist patients with making necessary lifestyle adjustments to alter or reduce health problems. Psychology has contributed...