This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pschosocial Context Of Health Essay

3517 words - 15 pages

The Psychosocial Context of Health 1 Discuss two concepts one Psychological and one sociological and their relevance to Osteopathic Practice Submission Date 4th February 2001 2885 words THE PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF STRESS AND GENDER INTRODUCTION The word "˜stress' means many different things to many different people. A layperson may define stress in terms of pressure or tension. A physicist may regard it as a matter of forces and vectors acting around a body. Physiologists tend to define stress in terms of its effects on the neuroendocrine system, or something that provokes a change in the body's homeostatic balance. Psychologists have, over the years, defined stress in several ways. ...view middle of the document...

GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME Two decades later Hans Selye developed his general adaptation syndrome (GAS). Selye (1956) suggested a three-part response to stress. Firstly came the Alarm stage; an increase in activity immediately following a stressful situation. This was followed by the Resistance stage in which an individual coped with and attempted to reverse the effects of the Alarm stage. Thirdly came the exhaustion stage, in which the individual, after being repeatedly exposed to stressful situations was unable to respond by initiating resistance.LIFE EVENTS The "˜Fight or flight' and GAS models were viewed by some as being too narrow; emphasising only the physiological aspects of a greater whole. In response Holmes and Rahe (1967) proposed the Schedule of Recent Events as a method of assessing stress levels. They produced a checklist that held a range of possible Life Events that an individual might experience. These life events ranged in severity from "˜death of spouse' and "˜jail term' through to the supposedly much less severe "˜vacation'. It was believed that totting up the number of Life events that in individual had experienced would give a relative indication of their level of stress.Amongst the biggest criticisms levelled against this model included the fact that no attempt was made at weighting the events. The death of a family member was just a stressful as a vacation. Also, no attempt was made to allow for individual perspective. Whilst one person might regard house-moving as a great struggle another might just as easily regard a it as a marvellous, much-longed for achievement.TRANSACTIONAL MODEL OF STRESS Lazarus and Cohen (1973, 1977) disagreed with what they saw as the automatic response at the base of the GAS. They produced a much more psychological point of view by introducing the concept of appraisal. Lazarus argued that a situation was only stressful if an individual had appraised it as being so. Taking this a step further Lazarus suggested two forms of appraisal. Firstly, an appraisal of the event itself and secondly an appraisal of the individuals' choices in coping. The automatic response is now removed and stress can be seen to be one result of a transaction between the individual and his environment.STRESS AND ILLNESS The physiological sequela of stress are well documented. The connection to certain types of ill-health are fairly clear-cut Stress causes an increase in catecholamines which results in increased levels of clot formation and may result in increased probability of heart attack and kidney disease Increased heart activity and Blood Pressure are both results of sympathetic arousal and will increase probability of athersclerosis, angina and myocardial infarction Stress causes an increase in acid secretion in the stomach. This results in an increased likelihood in ulceration Increased serum levels of corticosteroids and catecholamines have an immunosupressive effect, leaving the individual...

Other Papers Like Pschosocial Context Of Health

Economics Essay

612 words - 3 pages decision making route in which delivers thoughtful insight into how health operates from a planned and funded context to address an extensive scope of matters in a clear systematic manner. Benefits of Health Care Financing and Delivery There are many profits to understanding health policy or governmental involvement in health care financing and delivery. Financial or economic assessment consists of a set of methods designed at inspecting

Family Values - Abstract Essay

960 words - 4 pages able to address and see health as being intimately connected to the life of the family (Denham, 2003), and this particularly true within the context of family health nursing. Due to this factor, integrative practice models have been developed that utilize the skills of FHNs as these nurses work more directly with families within the context of the home and complex health care situations (Denham, 2003). In nursing practice, a flexible definition

Metaparadigm

1113 words - 5 pages and surveillance.

 2. Health * Like all meta-concepts, health is immensely general. It does not deal with health in a strictly clinical manner. It concerns nurses as medical professionals (rather than as mere adjuncts to doctors). At the same time, it defines "health" in abstract terms, in that health is "negotiated" and "contextual," in the words of Slevin. Health is not an absolute concept, but exists in the context of the

Rising Cost Of Health Care

1304 words - 6 pages why a change in the health care system is important. Changes to health care will be difficult, without a doubt, but universal access to care should be everyone’s right. References Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009). The context of healthcare delivery. Baltimore: Author. Mason, D. J., Leavitt, J. K., & Chaffee, M. W. (2012). Policy and politics in nursing and healthcare (6th ed.) . St. Louis, MO: Elsvier Saunders

Us Healthcare System

645 words - 3 pages U.S. Healthcare System The U.S. healthcare system undergoes certain changes and reforms in the modern society, and there is an increasing need for health care reforms in the modern society due to the increasing costs on healthcare, the high rate of various diseases in the community decreasing the quality of the national health on a regular basis. The modern U.S. health care system is not very effective in the context of delivery, finance

Risk Management Assessment

619 words - 3 pages confidentiality • Defensible decisions • Need to know models of risk assessment • Strategic plans for improvements • Mental health inquiries • Local guidelines and policy Risk-management and assessment are key roles in the delivery of contemporary mental health services. Exploration is necessary of the historical, clinical, political, and economic context of the concept of risk assessment and management, and critical review of the history of

Health Policy

1654 words - 7 pages ObamaCare is a United States law that is targeted at reforming its health care system. What are the determinants of health in humans? There are many contributions that come together to determine the actual health of people. The context activities determine the health of people. These factors include, income, educational level, social support, love life, relationships, environment and access to healthcare. The listed determinants, greatly plays a

Rough Draft

578 words - 3 pages | | | | | | | Ethical issues related to electronic health records (EHRs) confront health personnel. Electronic health records create conflict among several ethical principles. Electronic health records may represent beneficence because they are alleged to increase access to health care, improve the quality of care and health, and decrease costs

Trial to See How This Works

2310 words - 10 pages . The process must also guarantee the skills transfer and capacity building of national stakeholders; and be flexible and highly responsive to the government needs while producing strategies effective, feasible and applicable to the local context. Georgian public health Over recent years Georgian efforts to adopt and nurture a democratic market oriented economy have been impressive (Chanturidze et al. 2009). On the down side however

Federal Government Website Review

1006 words - 5 pages Federal, LOCAL, AND NON-GOVERNMENT WEBSITE REVIEW Albert N. Prado HCS 457 MARCH 28, 2011 SANDI HOOKANA MSN, PMHCS FEDERAL, LOCAL, AND NON-GOVERNMENT WEBSITE REVIEW Vaccinations are a vital component for public health. Vaccinations prevent the effects of infectious disease such as pertussis. Pertussis or whooping cough is a highly contagious bacteria spread by coughs and sneezes. Small droplets containing the bacteria are transmitted

Phc Competencies

4588 words - 19 pages . researchers, practitioners, agencies and organizations). 4/3/2012 G. 11. Value commitment to lifelong learning and professional service including active participation in professional organizations. H. PUBLIC HEALTH BIOLOGY The ability to incorporate public health biology - the biological and molecular context of public health into public health practice. Competencies: Upon graduation, it is increasingly important that a student with an MPH be

Related Essays

Role Of Effective Communication And Interpersonal Interaction In A Health And Social Care Context

725 words - 3 pages Task 1 Question : Explain the role of effective communication and interpersonal interaction in a health and social care context. (P1) Effective communication and interpersonal interaction, are used in many aspects of our lives and are fundamental skills for health and social worker and the service users. Professional care workers have to be able to know when the appropriate type of communication in different situations, with people of

What Is Your Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of The U.S. Health Care System In The Context Of Delivery, Finance, Management, And/Or Sustainability? What Are The Issues That Prompted A Need For Health...

903 words - 4 pages What is your evaluation of the effectiveness of the U.S. health care system in the context of delivery, finance, management, and/or sustainability? What are the issues that prompted a need for health care reform? Support your answer with a credible data reference. Do not use a reference already used by another student. Health care reforms is one of the biggest issue for voters. With our aging population, complexity of illness and growing

P1 Explain The Role Of Effective Communication And Interpersonal Interaction In A Health And Social Care Context

1621 words - 7 pages communication to be effective however both in different ways; Argyles theory; Argyles theory allows the communication to be broken down into behavioural skills rather than cognitive understanding. The other people who you’re communicating with are left to use the behaviour and body signals to give a sign of understanding or misunderstanding. Argyles theory also allows us to transfer clear messages and within a health and social care setting, it allows

Critical Essay On Two Academic Papers

1784 words - 8 pages , Michael (2004). The Influence of Pschosocial factors in the duration of breastfeeding. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, XXX (3), 210-216. LEEMING, Dawn, et al. (2013). Socially Sensitive lactation: Exploring the Social context of Breastfeeding. Pschology and Health, XXVIII (4), 450-468. LI, Ruowei, et al. (2008). Why mothers stop breastfeeding: Mothers self reported reasons for stopping during the First year. Pediatrics, CXII (supplement 2