Smartphone have a number of important characteristics which make them
attractive from an educational perspective. These include increasing portability,
functionality, multimedia convergence, ubiquity, personal ownership, social
personalisation (Pachler et al., 2010).
Smartphones has gained attractiveness among generation Y. They use
Smartphone anytime, at anyplace to keep in touch for social relationships as well
as to have fun. Owing to the availability of telecommunication technology,
Smartphone becomes more and more important in our ...view middle of the document...
Today, mobile phones are equipped with more advanced features that allow
complex communication and entertainment applications such as the Short
Message Service (SMS), MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3) player, games, internet,
social networking and videos. These additional features have attracted people
across all walks of life including the younger generations, and consequently led to
the increase in the number of Smartphones users in Malaysia.
UTHM students and other members of the Net Generation are highly
involved and dependent on using Smartphones to communicate and stay
connected with family, members and friends. Cell phones and smart phones are
used for both sending text messages and talking, while online communication
methods such as email; chat and social networking provide additional methods to
keep in touch. Stories of people texting each other while sitting side by side are
pervasive, suggesting that technology-mediated communication is preferred over
all other methods. However, the modes of communication most preferred by
students for social purposes are not necessarily those they prefer for school/work
activities. In fact, once institutions and parents adopt a media popular with
students, they often move on to new ways of interacting (Sherry and Hans, 2012).
Mobile-learning (m-learning) is learning using wireless devices that can be used
wherever the learner’s device can receive unbroken transmission signals. The
mobile devices include not only Smartphones but also devices like mobile tablets
and personal digital aids (PDAs). Andrew (2012), reported that Smartphones with
their many existing features and future potential uses are not currently widely
utilized and accepted in higher education learning. The reseaon being that, the
technology and applications are not fully ripe yet. Beside that Wang et al., (2009),
claimed that learning on mobile Smartphone can never replace classroom or
conventional e-learning methods, and learning with Smartphone , could only be
complementary to traditional learning and e-learning.
CourseSmart (2011), reported that Smartphone technology, with its
pervasive acceptance and powerful functionality is inevitably changing the
behavior of people. Today young adults are especially dependent on Smartphone s
.A survey conducted by CourseSmart, the world’s largest provider of e-Textbooks
and digital course materials, found that college students can’t go long without
checking their mobile digital devices, including smart phones, laptops.
Herrington (2009), discussed how Smartphones were used to collect video,
image and audio data for creating digital narratives or stories for use as
curriculum resources. Andrew (2012), stated that currently Smartphones are used
by college and universities students he argued that it is reasonable to consider
how Smartphones might be taken advantage for college students’ learning too. As
a Smartphones have a huge...