Prohibition And Its Failures This Is About Porhibition And How It Failed. Prohibition Was A Time When Crime Was On The Rise. Organized Crime Was Established For The First Time Also

914 words - 4 pages

Prohibition and Its FailuresProhibition in the United States was a standard intended to reduce drinking. On January 1919, the 18th Amendment took way the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. The 18th Amendment was backed up by the Volstead Act which defined liquor as ant beverage which contained 0.5% alcohol content or more. Prohibition, the experiment that never really succeeded for many reasons.Many leaders were very concerned about the drinking behavior of Americans, drinking was a highlight of peoples lives. Prohibition was supported by some big businessmen like John D. Rockefeller, whose arguments were how companies and the economy would ...view middle of the document...

Most people concealed their liquor in hip flasks, false books, hollow canes, and anything else. Illegal speak-easies replaced the shut- downed saloons once the Volstead Act was enforced. With only 1,550 federal agents on hand, their was no possible way that the police could prevent immense quantities of liquor entering the country. Many people thought that prohibition would make it more difficult to obtain alcohol, liquor was in fact very easy to acquire.The illegal liquor business fell under the command of organized gangs, which pushed around the authorities. The crime rate in the beginning of the Prohibition Act was nearly 5.6 (per 100,000 people) to 10(100,000), nearly 78 percent increase. Crimes such as homicides, assault and battery, increased 13 percent, while other offenses involving victims increased 9 percent. Prohibition caused the increase of crime rate because it eliminated legal jobs, created black-market violence, turn aside resources from enforcement of other laws and increased prices for prohibited goods.The most notorious gangster and bootlegger was Al Capone. During this time Americans wanted alcohol so bad that they were willing to get it from gangsters like Al Capone (above). Al Capone established many speakeasies in Chicago. Chicago was a perfect city for Capone to build a criminal empire.The Philadelphia Police Department showed that the number of arrest for drinking offenses went up greatly between 1920 to 1925, the number of habitual drunkards went up from 33 to 814. Lack of public support was definitely major reason for the failure of prohibition, which is not closely linked with gangsters taking...

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