Running head: Professional Development of the Nursing Professionals
Professional Development of the Nursing Professionals
Grand Canyon University: NRS 430V
January 6, 2012
Impact of IOM on Nursing
Nursing has over three million members and is the largest sector in healthcare workers in the nation (Institute of Medicine, 2010). Since the Affordable Health Care Act passed in 2010, our nation now faces new challenges of providing affordable, quality health care to all Americans. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is an organization that advises the federal government about how to improve our nation’s health care. The IOM has devised a plan to help change the future of ...view middle of the document...
Nurses are taking care of more critically ill patients in both the hospital and in the community. There are many ways a nurse can enter the profession such as, a licensed practical nurse (LPN) in just one year, or enter as an Associate’s degree nurse (ADN) in two years. In addition, they can enter as a Bachelor’s degree nurse (BSN) in four years. Each degree is a valued team member. But, moving into the 21st century with its changing health care system, Nurses must enter the workforce as a BSN to meet the goals of our nation. To meet this challenge many places of employment help nurses with the financial burden in order to further their education. Many educational programs have addressed the need for advanced nursing education by providing LPN-to-BSN and ADN-to MSN programs. The goal of the IOM is to have 80 percent of the nursing workforce being BSN prepared by 2020 (Institute of Medicine, 2010). One of the challenges is the shortage of nursing educators to teach these programs. To meet this need the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has implemented “loan repayments and scholarships for eligible nurses who complete an advanced nursing degree and serve as a full-time member of the faculty of an accredited school of nursing” (Institute of Medicine, 2010 p. 187). The shortage of nurse educators in the college setting has cultivated new educational concepts for nursing students. One of these concepts utilizes experienced nurses as preceptors in the clinical setting. These staff nurses are guided by the faculty to help nurture them into this role. Nursing students tend to spend most of their clinical hours in the hospital setting acquiring hands-on skills. In order to meet the demands of today’s health care needs, the curriculum of nursing education needs to broaden from the traditional hospital based model and venture out into the community setting. The core curriculum for nursing students needs to change from the traditional memorization of facts to critical thinking and applying this knowledge to promote teamwork within the multidisciplinary team and understanding how the new health care policies impact patient outcomes (Institute of Medicine, 2010). A way to help foster nursing students education is through residency programs. The students would reiterate core competencies and test their nursing concepts. Furthermore, programs to promote graduate nursing education and nursing research need to be reexamined to meet the future demands of nursing. The IOM’s “recommendations for greater access to primary care; enhanced, expanded, and reconceptualized roles for nurses; and updated nursing scopes of practice” can only be met with an advanced nursing educated workforce (Institute of Medicine 2010, p. 212).
The IOM’s definition of primary care is described as “ the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a...