Production And Operations Management Function Essay

762 words - 4 pages

Brief History of the Production and operations Management function
by V S Rama Rao on January 24, 2009
At the turn of the 20th century, the economic structure in most of the developed countries of today was fast changing from a feudalistic economy to that of an industrial or capitalistic economy. The nature of the industrial workers was changing and methods of exercising control over the workers, to get the desired output, had also to be changed. This changed economic climate produced the new techniques and concepts.
Individual Efficiency:
Fredric W Taylor studied the simple output to time relationship for manual labor such as brick-laying. This formed the precursor of the present day ...view middle of the document...

Till then, the focus was on the quantitative aspects; later on it shifted to the quality aspects. Quality which is an important customer service objective came to be recognized for scientific analysis. The analysis of productive system, therefore, now also included the effectiveness criterion in addition to efficiency. In 1931, Walter Shewart came up with theory regarding Control Charts for quality or what is known as ‘process control’. These charts suggested a simple graphical methodology to monitor the quality characteristics of the output and how to control it. In 1935, H F Dodge and HG Romig came up with application of statistical principles to the acceptance and/or rejection of the consignments supplied by the suppliers to exercise control over the quality. This field, which has developed over the years is now known as; acceptance sampling.
Effectiveness as a Function of Internal Climate:
In addition to effectiveness for the customer, the concept of effectiveness as a function of internal climate dawned on management scientists through the Hawthorne experiments which actually had the purpose of increasing the efficiency of the individual worker. These experiments showed that worker efficiency went up when the intensity of illumination was gradually increased, and even when it was gradually...

Other Papers Like Production and Operations Management Function

Production Operations Management Essay

3132 words - 13 pages Case Study: Hazel Introduction to Operations Management Jao, Arold Mikko A. Kaw, Seleena Marie H. EXPRODU XOC Mr. Joey Accuña View Point: Hazel Time Context:Present Objective:To prevent depletion of her financial resources by having a continuous source of income, which would preferably continue to increase proportionately with the number of years, for support of her basic needs. Statement of the Problem:Hazel is to choose

Operations Management Function of Mcdonalds Essay

757 words - 4 pages with around 5000 employees. * The number of Restaurants Worldwide: 32,000 restaurants. * The number of Countries: 117 Countries. * The Operations Management Functions:The operations management strategies in McDonalds are being made by top management. These strategies are implement in all branches under instruction of top management which are distributed to all branches in written form.So, there are operations managers in all branches

Using Work Teams in Production and Operations Management

1632 words - 7 pages Using Teams in Production and Operations Management Governments around the globe are investing in businesses and banks in an effort to avoid a complete collapse of affected institutions. However, the general public is not convinced that the government will be able to effectively run the businesses it has acquired with any better dexterity than existing mismanaged government budgets. Furthermore, although the infusion of funds may temporarily

Mcdonald’s Use of Teams in Production and Operations Management

1064 words - 5 pages Introduction Strategies are important for all businesses, regardless of the products or services that they offer. Through strategic management and operations, companies are able to integrate new and effective means of running their respective businesses. In turn, these strategies results in an increased profit of sales, stable market position and greater levels of customer loyalty. In the fast food industry, businesses such as McDonald’s must

Production and Operation Management

863 words - 4 pages Production and Operation Management Cheng Guoping Chapter 1 Introduction 1. Production System 2. Production and operations in the organization 3. Function and jobs of POM 4. Decision Making in POM 5. The emergence of production and operation management 1. Production System Production and operation management (POM) is the management of an organization's production system, which converts input into the organization 's products and

Production and Operation Management

1319 words - 6 pages Production and Operation Management Section A: Multiple choices: 1. If the number of restrictions on sources be ‘a’ and the number of restrictions on destinations be ‘b’ then with the use of ‘stepping stone procedure’, the number of ‘used cells’ will be a. a+b+1 b. a+b+2 c. a-b-1 d. a+b-1 2. Value of smoothing coefficient ‘α’ lies a. Between 1 and ∞ b. Between 0 and 1 c. Between -1 and 1 d. Between 1 and 2 3. Forecasting error

Production and Operation Management

1319 words - 6 pages Production and Operation Management Section A: Multiple choices: 1. If the number of restrictions on sources be ‘a’ and the number of restrictions on destinations be ‘b’ then with the use of ‘stepping stone procedure’, the number of ‘used cells’ will be a. a+b+1 b. a+b+2 c. a-b-1 d. a+b-1 2. Value of smoothing coefficient ‘α’ lies a. Between 1 and ∞ b. Between 0 and 1 c. Between -1 and 1 d. Between 1 and 2 3. Forecasting error

Production And Management

1521 words - 7 pages Semester II Examination Papers IIBM Institute of Business Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Semester-II Examination Paper MM.100 Production and Operation Management Section A: Objective Type (30 marks) • This section consists of Multiple choice questions & Short Notes type questions. • Answer all the questions. • Part One questions carry 1 mark each & Part Two questions carry 5 marks each. Part One: Multiple choices: 1

Production And Operation Management

1521 words - 7 pages Semester II Examination Papers IIBM Institute of Business Management IIBM Institute of Business Management Semester-II Examination Paper MM.100 Production and Operation Management Section A: Objective Type (30 marks) • This section consists of Multiple choice questions & Short Notes type questions. • Answer all the questions. • Part One questions carry 1 mark each & Part Two questions carry 5 marks each. Part One: Multiple choices: 1

Production and Operation Management - 968 words

968 words - 4 pages Running head: Prdctn & Oprtns Mgt Production and Operations Management Laretha Moss Strayer University Dr. John Theodore November 14, 2010 Abstract Building more ports and pipelines to transport and distribute crude oil could reduce the time involve in the production process. Gasoline is refined from crude oil. . In general OPEC sets most of the price of crude oil and therefore the price of gas. The Organization of the Petroleum

Organizational Management And Operations Paper

1316 words - 6 pages effectiveness and efficiency of the overall organization through splitting up the responsibilities of each level. Each level of policing has different organizational, administrative, management, and operational functions. While the setup may appear to be similar amongst each, there will be slight variations dependent upon on the function of the level. The management and leadership styles will vary based on the operations. Different operations

Related Essays

Production And Operations Management Essay

787 words - 4 pages Unit 2 Module 1 Production and Operations Management Nature of Production -Production is a process in which inputs (factors of production) are passed through a conversion process (production process) to produce outputs (finished goods and services). The Production Process Methods of Production -Job production is a method of production that involves producing custom work such as one off products or customised projects for

Production And Operations Management Essay

1029 words - 5 pages Production and Operations Management The Business Enterprise-BUS508 Dr. John Woodard Tammy English Strayer University August 11, 2011 Marathon is an integrated international energy company engaged in exploration and production; oil sand mining; integrated gas; and refining, marketing, and transportation operation. Marathon is among the top five crude oil refineries in the United States, so surely there is a way to reduce the

Production And Operations Management Essay

1233 words - 5 pages Production and Operations Management Marathon Oil Corporation (Marathon Oil) is an integrated international energy company. It is engaged in the exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas, as well as in the domestic refining, marketing and transporting of petroleum products, integrated gas business and oil sands mining. The company’s principal operating subsidiaries include Marathon Oil Company (exploration and production) and

Using Teams In Production And Operations Management

1786 words - 8 pages Assignment 3: Using Teams in Production and Operations Management Brandon Jones Contemporary Business February 12, 2011 The British Petroleum Company, better known as BP, is an oil and petroleum conglomerate that has serviced consumers’ needs since approximately 1909. When it was first founded by William Knox D’Arcy the company was known as the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (BP Global, 1996-2012). The first few years of business was shaky