In his paper, “A Theory of Human Motivation,” the famed American Psychologist Abraham Maslow outlined the basic human needs. These included Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and Love, Esteem, and Self-Actualization in that order. In his study, he points out that every human being has a need to feel safe (McLeod). It is innate to long for security for your person and your property. Even depictions of the earliest man show them with clubs in their hand. Keeping their home and family secure was their personal obligation. There was no organized security force but security was upheld none the less. As we became a civilized society, there were many factors that drove the development of an organized private security industry to uphold that need for safety.
In the Middle Ages the term King of the Castle literally meant just that. It was the king’s ...view middle of the document...
While this system worked to some degree protection of self and property was still largely the responsibility of the individual.
As we became an industrialized society there was a huge lack of an effective security force. The need for commercial security was eminent. Goods and services had to be protected. As products moved from place to place they were at risk of theft at any point in their travel. There was no public organized means by which to protect them as each town or city was policed by itself and there was no global policy or laws. The formation of organizations like Wells Fargo proved vital to commerce. Private security firms were hired on to protect product and personnel as they traveled to their destination. Later with the formation of labor unions, firms like Pinkerton were hired to deliberate over labor disputes. While there was a very rudimentary police force this was a private industry matter that they could not or would not police.
These are only some of the factors that led to the development of an organized private security industry. Public policing organizations are vast but their mission is to protect all. The need to have someone whose interest mirrors that of the organization, lends itself for the growth of the private security sector. Even the Federal Government contracts private security firms to protect their assets and personnel. The need to protect self and assets continues to grow, so will the need for private security firms. In the near future, these guards will need to be not only foot smart but technologically inclined. Companies will be looking for individuals who will monitor their Information Systems as well as protect their property and employees.
Allied Barton Security Services. (n.d.). Retrieved 12 09, 2012, from http://www.alliedbarton.com/AboutUs/ValuesServicePromise.aspx
McLeod, S. (n.d.). Simply Phsychology. Retrieved 12 09, 2012, from Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html