This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Private Prisons Essay

3504 words - 15 pages

Privatization of Prisons

Private Prison, Inc.

Introduction

America has been getting tougher on lawbreakers. This is something that the public long has been demanding. The problem it creates, however, is a shortage of prison capacity to hold the increased numbers of convicted criminals. This has led to: prison overcrowding, sometimes prompting court actions against penal systems; rapidly rising operational outlays; and taxpayer resistance to the cost of new prisons. A partial answer to the problems of prison overcrowding and high costs may be the "privatization" of prisons. Costs and overcrowding problems are the driving force behind the privatization phenomenon. As a national ...view middle of the document...

In 1985, CCA's first year to operate the jail, CCA saved Bay County over $700,000.

Economic Conditions of Privatizing Prisons Today

Now that one can see there is an opportunity to make money as a company in a way that helps everyone in America, i.e. saving taxpayers money, what are the economic conditions surrounding the prison system? The market structure is unique. Demand for prisons seems to be ever increasing. Nearly every prison in America is overcrowded and will continue to be so if new prisons are not built. We could help lessen this problem or prison shortages by supplying more prison space at a lower cost than federal prisons can. This market is special because demand for prisons is high, while supply of prisons is low. That’s what makes this industry so appealing. We never have to worry about being thrown out the window or not having enough business. Our niche is that we are a substitute good for the federally run prison. As their costs go up, the more government will desire our services. Our laws ensure that we will have inmates. Technology won’t be a problem since most prisons have very basic amenities and haven’t changed dramatically over the past years. Let’s look at how the privatization of prisons will work at the state level first.

Basically, prison privatization means the transfer of prison functions from the government sector to the private sector. By using the private sector to build or manage prisons, many states believe that they can reduce costs. So far, most state correction agencies have used the private sector only to manage minimum-secure or non-secure "community" correction centers, such as juvenile institutions and halfway houses. To date over half the states, in the United States have passed legislation to allow for this form of prison privatization. In the state penal systems, privatization can take various forms in the case of prisons.

I. Contracting out services:

This is the most common form of prison privatization. Currently, 39 states hire private firms to provide such services as medical and mental health treatment, drug treatment, education, staff training, and vocational training and counseling.

II. Ownership and operation of prisons at state level

To date, private operation of correction centers has been limited to minimum-security facilities, such as halfway houses, juvenile homes, detention centers, and holding prisons for illegal aliens. Some 28 states allow private firms to operate such facilities. Several states are interested in extending private operation to maximum-security adult prisons. One such facility in St. Mary, Kentucky is owned and operated by U.S. Corrections Corporation. USCC has existed since 1986, and is the first private company to own and operate an adult state prison. USCC receives $25.35 per day per inmate for running the Kentucky state prison. CCA is the largest private correction organization in the country. CCA designs, constructs, finances, and...

Other Papers Like Private Prisons

Should Jails Be in the Private or Public Sector

721 words - 3 pages governmental facilities. Private vs. Public Jails Private Prisons argue that the private companies can operate prisons at lesser costs than the government, without reducing the quality of the service provided. They also argue that they do not have to deal with state bureaucracy, and laws which make the management of their facilities less expensive. Even if private prisons are in fact cheaper than public, this does not mean that it is more

Prison Systen Essay

2683 words - 11 pages sector versus public sector, disputes of what are “just and fair” services that the inmates are entitled to, among others. In the following essay we aim to bring these topics into light and try to analyze the pros and cons of privatizing the prison system. Private prisons are one of the fastest growing industries in the security and protection industry. Up until 2003, there were an estimated of 102 private prisons in the U.S. holding more than

Corrections Accreditation and Privatization

571 words - 3 pages in Corrects (CAC). The CAC developed the standards followed in today’s prisons. Accreditation officially began in 1978, jointly administered by the CAC and the American Correctional Association. What is corrections accreditation? The accreditation program offers public and private organizations performing correctional functions the opportunity to evaluate their operations against national standards, to remedy deficiencies, and to upgrade the

Prison Overcrowding

947 words - 4 pages through diversion strategies, relying more heavily on jails for the overflow of prisoners, doubling up prisoners in one cell (also called double bunking), hotly debated early release strategies, and an increasing reliance on private (for-profit) prisons, to name a few. However, policy focus on capacity issues sometimes detracts from the actual conditions of privacy, security, and manageability (including meeting basic needs for nutrition, health

Sentincing

921 words - 4 pages other as much as possible, preferably in isolation. Finally, and perhaps foremost as a social purpose, it was supposed to practice corrective discipline to create habits of industry through the application of strictly enforced rules. Prisoners ought to work steadily at productive labor, not sit around idle as they often did in old jails and prisons (B. Foster, 2006). In early prisons, convicts commonly produced goods the penitentiary sold

Overcrowding in Illinois

4226 words - 17 pages for the sad desire of profit. Many of the United State’s prisons are privatized. This means that the prison is a private firm, which can be invested in and a profit can be made off of it (Silverstein, 2000). Private prisons have recently become popular again after remaining quite low-key for a while. In 1990, there were only five privately owned prisons, together only having a population of about 2000 inmates (Silverstein, 2000). In 2000

Privatization of Prisons

1356 words - 6 pages when a private firm took over operations at a Hamilton County, Tennessee, penal farm. In 1991, the Texas Sunset Advisory Committee conducted a study and found a 14.4 percent reduction in cost in four privately operated prisons. And in 1994, economist Allen Brown from Australia, conducted a study and compared a privately operated prison in Queensland, Australia to a similar government operated facility, and found a 20 percent reduction in cost

Florida Department of Corrections

1676 words - 7 pages Institution was opened back in 1959, and was designed for Florida’s Men’s Unit. For this unit the maximum capacity holds 1,132 adults and has the same Academic Programs as the women. When it comes to private prisons, jails, or detention centers, it is a place where individuals are confines to their cells and intend by the 3rd party that is contracted out by the local state or federal government agency. The private prisons has typically enters into a

Hello

1199 words - 5 pages , click here. The number of Americans imprisoned is obnoxiously high. 1. The United States has the highest per capita rate of people in prison. 2. In the year 2000, the Human Rights Watch found that 22 states and the federal prison system operated at 100 percent or more of their highest capacity. Due to this extreme overcrowding the rise in privately operated facilities has recently spiked. Such private prisons now house 5.5 percent of all

Immigration

569 words - 3 pages Development of Corrections Mary Montes CJS 230 – Gerry Norris November 27, 2011 University of Phoenix Online – Axia College There was a perplexing problem in the early 1800’s because the rate of women incarcerated was much lower than the rates of women incarcerated today. In reality women’s prisons did not exist, therefore the jails often treated women the same as they did the men, as well the women were punished the same way the men were

The Crimes, The People Who Solved Them, And The Different Types Of Punishments

1161 words - 5 pages even beat you andhumiliated you. But in 1838 the ending of all public tortures and executions gave wayand became out lawed.These things lead to the building of prisons. In 1730 the prisons were at thereworst and were not made for long term offenders. These prisons were so bad becausethey were privately owned and the owners used the inmates for working purposes. Theyalso shipped these men to other businesses for money paid to the prisons by

Related Essays

My Paper Private Prisons

1611 words - 7 pages . Stakeholders in the privatization of prisons, start with the country and state. [A] growing number of American prisons are now contracted out as for-profit businesses to for-profit companies. The companies are paid by the state, and their profit depends on spending as little as possible on the prisoners and the prisons. It’s hard to imagine any greater disconnect between public good and private profit: the interest of

Comparisons Between Public Prisons And Private Prisons In The Us

1790 words - 8 pages cash-strapped states start to give their prison operation industry to private prisons. The modern private prison business first emerged and established itself publicly in 1984 when the Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) was awarded a contract to take over a facility in Hamilton County, Tennessee. Now private prison is a $5 billion industry and 8.4% of US prison population is housed in private prisons. The US has 95% of private prisons in

Applied Policy Essay

1054 words - 5 pages it would be in the best interest to move Canadian prisons over to the private sector. With the dramatic increase of inmates it is obvious to assume that eventually new prisons will need to be built, or more cells. Private prisons allow the government to speed up the building process of a prison, as the legislators do not have to authorize the bonds. On average it takes the government up to two years for the completion of a prison, by moving

Jails And Prisons Essay

776 words - 4 pages structured to run in the same manner. Most private prisons have undergone scrutiny from the public, because the public feels it is wrong for private citizens to profit from crime. Although many people consider jail and prison the same thing, there are many differences the public should be aware of. For example, Ellisville county jail typically only holds people anywhere from a few hours to a week. This jail usually holds a person who is awaiting