As a health and social care practitioner it is important to have a clear understanding of the theories that underpin health and social care, understand the legalities and policies and be aware of the situation that you work within. This allows care staff to provide adequate care to the service users and allow them to feel safe knowing that they are being protected against any harm whilst protecting yourself.
Social processes, such as poverty, unemployment, and disability, can impact users of health and social care services. When assisting service users it is important to have an understanding and a knowledge of various structures. Individuals that are born into poverty more than likely ...view middle of the document...
This is relevant to my placement as some of the individuals that use our services have a limited physical ability to care and support themselves with everyday tasks. One of our residents is a victim of domestic and sexual abuse and is very defensive when a care worker goes to perform any personal chores. The abuse resulted in her children being taken off her by social services as she was unable to provide a safe environment for them. She became mentally unstable and her health deteriorated. She slowly became unable to live independently and came to be reliant of the care provided by the organisation. A majority of the service users in the organisation have also been affected by loss and change, some of them losing their homes, family and/or independence.
Theories that underpin Health and Social care contribute to service users receiving better care as it is useful for informing practitioners on any issues concerning the care that they are providing. There is a link between theory and practice as when theories are taken into consideration and carried out in practice they can help to give us an insight into people’s behaviour and give an explanation as to why they act the way they do. This also helps us to reflect upon the individuals past history and understand that this could be one of the factors influencing their change in behaviour. Beckett (2006) defines theory in social work as ‘a set of ideas or principles to guide practice’.
In the 20th century Freud was the founder of the psychoanalytic theory. He described theory as being a result of ‘the unconscious continuing to influence our behaviour and experience, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences’ (psychology.about.com, 2016). He also believed that is was any events that took place during our childhood or early years that had an influence on our future behaviour. The underpinning belief of the school of psychoanalysis is that you are a product of what you were, if you failed in earlier years you are likely to continue to fail as you age (Newman and Blackburn, 2008, p.g.201).
Some of the theorists of the human development are of particular use. Humanist theorist Maslow had a motivational theory in psychology that argues that while people aim to meet basic needs, they seek to meet successfully higher needs (learning-theories.com, 2016). Another humanistic theorist, Carl Rogers, agrees with Maslow’s main assumptions and believed that individuals raised in an environment of unconditional regard have opportunities to fully actualise themselves whereas those raised in an environment of conditional positive regard only feel worthy of acceptance and support given that they meet the assumed conditions (Rogers and Maslow, 2008).
On the other hand behaviourist psychologists believe that behaviour is learned from those around us and can therefore be unlearned. Theorists such as Pavlov and Skinner carried out a number of experiments using animals with Palov believing there...