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Primary Principles Of Political Views Of Machiavelli’s “The Prince”

1142 words - 5 pages

Primary principles of political views of Machiavelli’s “The Prince”

Niccolo Machiavelli was one of the first, who considered politics from a scientific point of view, using his experience and practical knowledge of the entire history of the state (Strauss, 44). The objects of study of this work are the political views such as cruelty and mercy, and generosity and frugality, of Machiavelli, in terms of medieval ethics, morality, law and values, and from the side of the modern observer. This essay will proof that the Machiavelli’s ideas in “The Prince” cannot be used by modern democratic countries. However, these principles could be applied by totalitarian states.
Considering the qualities ...view middle of the document...

” (Machiavelli, 44). It is clear from this passage that, obviously, Machiavelli’s point of view for generosity suites for creating a powerful totalitarian state and it is not proper to modern time democratic states (Strauss, 86). Globalization of economics nowadays gives no chance to powerful politics and individuals access for governmental budget in democratic countries. Furthermore, the negative changes in economic stability of country engender the reaction from citizens, as an example, nowadays the some European countries, such as Greece, Spain and Portugal, face rallies against economic changes that government is going to apply.
Cruelty and mercy are taking a special place in the work of Machiavelli. Author points out that “every prince must desire to be considered merciful and not cruel;” (Machiavelli, 45). However, he immediately warns against manifestations of mercy. He gives descriptive answer to the argument of to be loved or to be feared: “Whether it is better to be loved than to be feared, or the contrary. I reply that one should like to be both one and the other, but since it is difficult to join them together, it is much safer to be feared than to be loved when one of the two must be lacking” (Machiavelli, 46). Machiavelli advises to use harsh measures only where caused by necessity. The Emperor can save his country from destruction only by force that commands respect and makes fear both external and internal enemies. But this power should be used wisely, with the wisdom and benevolence, on time, without hesitation, with sufficient justification and the apparent cause (Machiavelli, 45-46). And again his knowledge of historical facts provides him with examples to justify his words: “Cesare Borgia was considered cruel, nonetheless, his cruelty had brought order to Romagna, united it, restored it to peace and obedience.” (Machiavelli, 45). In the end he comes with the words: “since men love at their own pleasure and fear at the pleasure of the prince, a wise prince should build his foundation upon that which belongs to him, nor upon that which belongs to others: he must strive only to avoid hatred, as has been said.” (Machiavelli, 47). Obviously, it is clear that his answers for questions of mercy and cruelty is cynical, however Machiavelli...

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