The principles of infection prevention and control
Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections
As an employee; we have a responsibility in the prevention and control of infection, by always decontaminating hands between caring for different patients, and by applying an alcohol gel or washing hands with a liquid soap and water and then drying with paper towels. Also by ensuring the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) i.e. Gloves/aprons/masks are used when there is a risk of exposure to blood, body fluids, secretions & excretions and also in the environment of a person requiring isolation.
Any PPE used should be safely ...view middle of the document...
Understand systems and procedures relating to the prevention and control of infection
All patients that are new admissions are routinely swabbed MRSA. Any patient that has an infection risk i.e. C.Diff, MRSA, TB, Compylabacter, D&V etc, are nursed in a side room where the appropriate PPE are used with the hand washing procedure as; hand washing is the single most effective way of preventing the spread of infection.
The potential impact of an outbreak of an infection could mean that the ward concerned would have to be closed; to ensure that the infection is contained. The staff on that ward would not be allowed to be on any other ward to prevent further spreading of infection.
Understand the importanceof risk assessment in relation to the prevention and control of infections
A risk is the chance of something happening that will have an adverse impact on the achievement of the trust’s objectives and the delivery of high quality patient care.
The potential risks of infection within the workplace are;
• a skin penetrating injury such as a needle stick injury.
• if blood or body substances ome into contact with broken skin, open wounds, mouth or eyes.
• handling any already contaminated equipment.
A thorough Risk Assessment process will take in to account the following;
• identification of the hazard
• assessing the risks posed by the hazard
• removing the risks where possible
• reducing those that cannot be removed
• each aspect of the risk assessment process must be recorded
• The risk must be reviewed at regular intervals to assess whether any changes are relevant
The above findings will be recorded using a Risk Assessment Tool sheet.
Undertaking risk assessments are essential and should be carried out before commencing any work activity or task, to enable you to take the necessary steps to minimise the risk of injury to yourself and to others.
Understand the importance of using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in the prevention and control of infections
PPE should always be used when caring for a patient that has an infection risk or when there is a risk of exposure to; blood, body fluids, secretions or excretions. When the task is complete the PPE should be removed and placed in a clinical waste bin and the recommended hand washing technique is used.
Different types of PPE;
Gloves; These are special protective gloves that act as an additional barrier, but you should still wash your hands after you use them. Each pair of gloves must only be used once and must be changed between patients, and between different...