Prescriptive Grammar Essay

721 words - 3 pages

PRESCRIPTIVE GRAMMAR

English grammar had its shape formed in the 18th century. A number of rules and norms on the correct use of English were formulated in the 18th century and copied from book to book all these years. It was assumed that the authors were to be trusted and they were regarded infallible. This grammar of English that originated in the 18th century is called traditional grammar or prescriptive grammar.

Ignoring the truth that language is a record of the conventions followed by the members of the language community and also that the authority that the grammarians refer to is the native speakers, the traditional grammars unscrupulously made English grammar a copy of ...view middle of the document...

The semantic fallacy of traditional grammarians accounts for the definitions of many of the parts of speech. They define an interrogative sentence as one that asks a question:: ‘What have you have done?’ But all questions need not be interrogative.
: ‘You are ready for the test?’

Structurally the sentence is a statement, but it becomes interrogative in nature when it is said with a rising intonation. Traditional grammarians are preoccupied with the same prescription of rules and ‘norms’ or standards of usage. Hence their normative fallacy. They were very particular that language activities should be logical. Sentences like ‘Make the circle rounder’, ‘I am going home tomorrow’ suffer from their logical fallacy. If it’s a circle it must be round and in their view it may be absurd to ask to make it rounder. It is difficult to find the logicality of the word ‘his’ in ‘He put his hand in his pocket’. The question they ask is ‘Do we think that he put somebody else’s hand in to somebody else’s pocket?
...

Other Papers Like Prescriptive Grammar

Language Analysis: The Brothers Grimm And Fairy Tales

2332 words - 10 pages as Grimm's law. There are two different types of grammar; prescriptive and descriptive. Prescriptive grammar is a set of rules about language based on how people think language should be used. Descriptive grammar is a set of rules based on how language is actually used and describes the way one speaks language. There are four rules of language discussed in this class. The study of phonetics is the study of the sounds of language. The

Humanities Essay

972 words - 4 pages concept of seven liberal arts developed like; rhetoric and logic, grammar, music, astronomy, arithmetics, astronomy, and geometry. There was a great shift, however, to the study of humanities in the 15th century. It was after the 15th century that humanities was regarded as a subject to be studied rather than practiced. When talking about social sciences, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber are credited with giving it a modern definition

Black English

5228 words - 21 pages fixing and improving their proper languages. I need not mention the academies in France, Spain, and Italy, their learned labors, nor their great success. But it is very remarkable, that although many learned and ingenious men in England have from age to age projected similar institutions for correcting and improving the English tongue, yet the government have never found time to interpose in any manner; so that this day there is no grammar nor

Esl Program Analysis

1160 words - 5 pages ESL Program Analysis Aretha Austin Grand Canyon University EED-544 Prescriptive Reading and Assessment January17, 2011 Introduction Research in educational and literature setting points out that English language learners (ELLs) are learners who have limited proficiency in the English language. They are learners that have been identified as a subgroup of people that is growing fast. Throughout the United States, school districts

Code Switching And Modern Language Mixing

1519 words - 7 pages miscommunications for those who may not understand the meaning of a term like "cul8r". One of the most precarious navigations of language is style-shifting between what are perceived to be more and less 'correct' interpretations of grammar. Pundits and prescriptive grammarians write style guides to assert their preferred forms. The introduction to one such guide, The Handbook of Good English, reads This book is strict rather than permissive, because it

Reflective Account On Role As A Student In Higher Education And As A Future Health Practitioner

1706 words - 7 pages when I will be required to work within teams (Peacock 2006). In addition, the course material and modules have allowed me to adjust the various aspects of my professional practice for the best outcomes. In fact, I have applied the course material to adjust my patient care plans with the result that I now appreciate the different treatment and prescriptive therapies, and the legal implications for more awareness and understanding. Besides that, my

History of English

4070 words - 17 pages ], [č], [ž] Early Grammarians (18th Century) A proposal for an Academy of the English Language was first brought forth by Jonathan Swift in 1712, but the Parliament voted against it. Nevertheless, several grammarians wrote dictionaries and grammar books in a prescriptive manner - telling people what to do or not to do with the language. Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language was published in 1755 and Robert Lowth's Introduction to

Assessment Ideas

4303 words - 18 pages praise, and a failure to address substantive, cognitive issues. Whilst Billy’s feedback is more cognitively challenging and is meaning-focussed, it can be less clear and concise, and sometimes inclined to expresses personal irritation. We are both, in different ways, strongly directive. Billy has a tendency to be prescriptive – a tendency partly driven by a strong model of Genre theory. The tone of his responses is neither collegial, nor

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Related Essays

Understanding Prescriptive Vs. Descriptive Grammar Essay

1337 words - 6 pages ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form Understanding Prescriptive vs. Descriptive Grammar When people hear about linguistics, they often believe that linguists are very much like the character Henry Higgins in the play My Fair Lady, who expresses sentiments like in the following song, where he bemoans the state of English and the lack of proper pronunciation: However, as you will learn in this first

Correctness In English Essay

563 words - 3 pages 'Correctness in language use is determined by what native speakers accept, not what grammarians dictate'. Both prescriptive and descriptive complement the correctness in language. Because language is uniquely human, it tells a story about a people, it holds mysteries of their traditions, heritage as well as culture. Imposing grammar rules on the language that the native speakers; dictating how they ought to use their language does not mean that

Traditional Grammar Method Essay

1512 words - 7 pages important person who played key roles of the brand new attitude this time. By-product of physics, leads some ideas of thinking to the structural linguists. They try to describe and explain the information of language, which founded on the system of language, without the prescriptive attitudes of traditional grammar. With this descriptive way, the structural linguists have no need to look back at the historical antecedents. They only concern with

Usm Understanding Strategy Module Essay

1194 words - 5 pages CFairbrass (Module Leader for USM) of the ect. Excellent concluding section drawing together the various points made and adding an original perspective. Articulate & persuasive use of language. Consistently accurate user of grammar/spelling. Structure guides reader through argument. Presentation excellent. Subject relevance Conclusion – problem solving Written communication – spelling & grammar Structure & presentation Irrelevant or