“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” - Martin Luther King Jr.
This speech will be about discrimination, prejudice and fair behaviour. The speech will contain all of the information needed to cover LO1.
The first thing first, no one is born racist. You can learn to be racist in the environment and society that you live in. It also depends on how your parents make you grow up.
Prejudice is kind of attitude involving the rejection of something or someone without reasonable grounds for it. In many cases the prejudice is based up on stereotyping. ...view middle of the document...
In order to Gordon Allport, he has created Allport’s scale in 1954 to measure prejudice in the society. This scale contains 5 stages of prejudice from the lowest to highest harm.
First stage is an antilocution which in different words means “speaking against”. People are making jokes or express bad opinion about another group. In the former case it’s also called derogatory speech, (showing a critical or disrespectful attitude) and in the final case it’s called hate speech. Both cases can be examples of prejudice. Antilocution is often harmless but it can harm the self-esteem of the people in targeted group. This can lead to more harmful form of prejudice. There is a short line between violent words and violent acts.
Another stage is avoidance which make people of the group avoiding members of the predator group. The harm is done through isolation and making the harm more obvious.
Third stage is a discrimination. The group is discriminated against of getting equal opportunities and access to goods or services. Discrimination can prevent the group of achieving the goals, good jobs or getting education.
Fourth stage is a physical attack. The victim group is getting harm by the physical attacks on the individuals, aggression and vandalism.
And the last stage is extermination. Extermination has been shown in WW II, Bosnia or Rwanda. (Gordon Allport 1954)
Academics Thomas Pettigrew and Linda Troop did a meta-analysis (a systematic method that takes data from a number of independent studies and integrates them using statistical analysis.) Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. (2007) by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier.) Of 515 studies which involved quarter of a million participants in 38 nations to examine and show how the intergroup contact does reduces prejudice. They have been found that three mediators are of particular important. Intergroup contact reduces prejudice by enhancing knowledge about the out-group, reducing anxiety about intergroup contacts and increasing empathy and perspective talking.
While three of those mediators had effects on the educational value, they had increased the general knowledge but it still was less strong than anxiety reduction and empathy. ...