This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Essay

1823 words - 8 pages

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Preeclampsia, & Eclampsia
Tessa K. Larsen
Mercy College of Health Sciences

Pregnancy induced hypertension or Gestational hypertension, is a condition of high blood pressure unique to human pregnancy. Hypertension during pregnancy affects about 5-10% of all pregnant women worldwide (Baker, 2004, P. 16). Hypertension can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. If the placenta does not receive enough blood, the baby gets insufficient amounts of oxygen and nutrients. This can result in low birth weight and other severe complications (Simkin, Walley, Keppler, 2008, P. 75). Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) can lead to a serious ...view middle of the document...

It is considered severe when a systolic blood pressure reads greater then 160 mmHg and or diastolic blood pressure 110 mmHg, on two readings, taken at least 6 hours apart. This PIH can also be defined even in a normal pregnancy if the woman is 20 weeks pregnant but has no proteinuria (less than .3g over 24 hours) (Baker, 2004, P.11). When proteinuria is present, the hypertensive disorder is then classified as gestational hypertension with Preeclampsia. (The etymology of preeclampsia, pre- means before, ek- means out and lamp- to flash which means “before flashing out.”) “Preeclampsia is the second leading cause of maternal death worldwide. It is second to only postpartum hemorrhages “(Baker, 2004, P.17). “It accounts for approximately 790 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.” (Baker, 2004, P.16)
Three major symptoms of preeclampsia are increased blood pressure, protein in your urine and edema (Chesley, 1974). If blood pressure is high it can affect how well your kidneys filter your blood. Proteins that should stay in your blood leak into your urine, causing proteinuria. Small amounts of proteinuria is common in pregnancy since kidneys have to work harder during pregnancy. If this number is high it can indicate preeclampsia.
  Edema is sudden fluid retention and swelling from damage to the vessel walls. Whether it is damage from high blood pressure or pelvic pressure on vessels due to pregnancy. This can be present as puffiness around the eyes, face, hands, ankles or feet. This can cause joint pain, stiffness and loss of mobility. Pulmonary edema can also occur, causing shortness of breath or chest pain (Baker, 2004, P. 20).
Vasospasm is a condition that can occur as preeclampsia progresses. Long periods of high blood pressure put blood vessels under a lot of stress, weakening vessel walls and increasing resistance to blood flow. If vasospasm is worsens this will present itself physically as hyperreflexia. Clonus or hyperreflexia is over reactive reflexes due to damage to the central nervous system. This is a common neurological symptom when dealing with preeclampsia-eclampsia (Baker, 2004, P. 22).
HELLP syndrome is one of the most severe variants that occur in 10% of preeclampsia patients (Chesley, 1978). HELLP is an acronym for hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets, which is a syndrome of the red blood cells and liver complications (simkin et al, 2008). Not all women have all of these findings. It is important to understand that this syndrome may develop at anytime whether the women have mild or severe preeclampsia. Patients may present with the syndrome either before the delivery or shortly thereafter. Usually patients present before 40 weeks of gestation complaining of epigastric pain or pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. This is due the stretching of the Glisson’s capsule of the liver due to hepatic swelling or bleeding. Other symptoms of the syndrome are headache, vision problems,...

Other Papers Like Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

Morality and Ethics Essay

2422 words - 10 pages an abortion would impermissible under justice, because it would break the contract. In addition, Jane’s pregnancy has induced hypertension, which is detrimental to her health. Thompson presents an additional facet to the violinist case, in which the person hooked up to the violinist will eventually die due to additional strain on his kidney, and that being unplugged will kill the violinist (Thompson 59). In this scenario, unplugging to save the

Why Abortions Must Be Legal Essay

2424 words - 10 pages mortality of women," JAMA December 9, 1992, vol. 268, no. 22, p. 3233. "Abortion and fertility regulation," Lancet June 15, 1996, vol. 347, no. 9016, p. 1663. Pregnancy-induced hypertension and early neonatal death: a case-control study. Am J Perinatol 1993 Sep;10(5):401-3. Wantedness of pregnancy and prenatal

Value of Life

2120 words - 9 pages opportunities for the teen parents to change the chain of life that their kids might fall under.there are definitely 3 important choices that many people are aware of they are abortion, adoption, and keeping your baby. Teenage pregnancy comes with not only a child, but also many consequences to poor nutritioned young mothers. Teen mothers face greater health risks than older mothers, such as anemia, pregnancy induced

Should Abortion Be Banned?

4177 words - 17 pages first surfaced in 1986, when government scientists in Britain wrote a letter to the British journal called Lancet and acknowledged that abortion is one of the causes of breast cancer. They wrote, “Induced abortion before first term pregnancy increases the risk of breast cancer” (Lancet, 2/22/86, p. 436). As of 2006, ten years after it was first surfaced; only eight major medical organizations recognized that abortion raises a woman’s risk for

The Level of Education Directly Affects the Knowledge

1170 words - 5 pages weight was two pounds by sonography performed just prior to admission in the primary physician’s office. Upon arrival, the primary nurse began the admission assessment which resulted in the discovery of a possible change in the patient’s admitting diagnosis. The maternal blood pressure was elevated, deep tendon reflexes were brisk and the patient had two beats of clonus. By indications, this patient was suffering from Pregnancy Induced

Adn vs Bsn

1221 words - 5 pages to the hospital for being diagnosed with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH), which is critical, and is in active labor. Patient is complaining of headache and blurry vision. MD ordered for PIH panel and that patient to be started in Magnesium Sulfate with a loading dose of 4 grams. Both ADN and BSN will initially assess the patient; take vital signs most importantly the blood pressure, check for edema, protein in urine and monitor the fetal

Enviromental And Occupational Health

1381 words - 6 pages harmful effects on the human body especially women and children. The harmful dose is that of 80 µg/dL or more excessive exposure to lead was associated with increased rates of infertility, miscarriage, stillbirth, and poor infant outcomes. Associations between maternal lead exposure, even at low levels, and decreased birth weight or length of gestation have been consistent. There is also some evidence of increased risk for pregnancy related

Hepatic System

4081 words - 17 pages Liver: Largest internal organ and gland Gerontologic Consideration of Liver Disease * Increase liver disease rate with age because of liver structure changes with age * Decrease liver volume – Because liver size will change with age * Decrease in hepatobilary function * Decrease drug metabolism: which increases the vulnerability for drug-induced hepatitis and increase risk for drug interactions * Decrease ability to respond

Term Paper

5460 words - 22 pages Endometritis * Infection of the decidua (pregnancy endometrium) * Incidence * 4 weeks PPCM – Diagnosis * ECG * CXR * Echocardiogram * Viral and bacterial cultures * Cardiology referral * Cardiac catheterization * Endomyocardial biopsy PPCM – Treatment * Similar to treating other types of HF * Digoxin * Diuretics * Vasodilator – hydralazine * Beta blockers – beta-1 selective

King Model

8099 words - 33 pages nurse 1. The nurse stated, “She was just starting to get uncomfortable when I left.” According to Nurse 1, Patient A displayed the perceptions and judgments of understanding the complications of her pregnancy (hypertension) and the necessity of induction. Nurse 1 reported both Patient A and her husband, “had studied up on Cytotec and had a good understanding”. The actions that patient A exhibited during her labor were the coping techniques she

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Related Essays

Pelvic Bleeding Essay

913 words - 4 pages fluid. Examination • Uterus enlarged. • The internal os of the cervix is dilated. Prod- Threatened Delayed Complete Incomplete Septic Inevitable Spontaneous Induced Miscarriage Abortion Recurrent Illegal Legal Therapeutic Figure 8.1 A simple classification of the terms used. Bleeding in pregnancy Chapter 8 97 ucts of conception may be felt in the cervical canal. Once this has occurred, miscarriage is inevitable. Treatment Before

Teen Pregnancy Essay

1118 words - 5 pages -induced hypertension, anemia, sexually transmitted diseases, and cephalopelvic disproportion. 3 Babies born to teenagers are more at risk for premature birth and low birth weight, raising the possibility of infant death, blindness, deafness, chronic respiratory 1 The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. Website: (accessed March 17, 2004) 2 Teen Pregnancy – So What? The National Campaign to Prevent Teen

Nutrion Quiz 8 Essay

787 words - 4 pages the healthy range for her height. Based on this information, her physician will recommend that she gain ______ pounds during her pregnancy. Selected Answer: 25 to 35 . Question 13 .1 out of 1 points During her 6th month of pregnancy, Miranda developed pregnancy-induced hypertension. As a result of this condition, Miranda has a higher risk of giving birth to a _____ infant than a pregnant woman who does not experience pregnancy

Teen Pregnancy, Whose Problem Is It?

1603 words - 7 pages teenagers have limited or no support and some get thrown out of their parent’s homes with nowhere to go. The teenage mother can become very shameful and try to hide the fact that she is pregnant. During the first 3 months of pregnancy; seven out of ten teenage girls do not get prenatal care, see a doctor, or go to a clinic (Taylor, 2010, 11, 12). They are at a greater risk of getting anemia, high blood pressure, placental problems, and pregnancy induced