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Pregnancy Case Study

1045 words - 5 pages

The specific concern June may be facing is ensuring adequate intake of the essential nutrients her changing body and growing fetus require. An additional protein intake of twenty five grams per day is needed to support the formation and growth of new cells. A carbohydrate intake of at least one hundred and seventy five grams is necessary to provide glucose to fuel the fetal and maternal brains. June would not need to increase her intake of total fats, but it would be beneficial to ensure intake of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. These fatty acids play a key role in the development of the mostly lipid fetal brain.
June should also be concerned about meeting the adequate intake of micronutrients ...view middle of the document...

June will still have to ensure the supplement she chooses contains adequate calcium, vitamin D, B12 and folate. Because June does not like beans or tofu she must also ensure she finds an adequate source of protein and is consuming enough.
Undoubtedly, June’s idea of adding fish back into her diet may be a solution to allowing her to include a good protein source into her diet as well ensuring intake of omega fatty acids. June should be mindful of the mercury content in her choices and avoid shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish. These fish contain high levels of mercury that can cause developmental delays. Refrigerated smoked seafood, raw or undercooked shellfish such as mussels and oysters should also be avoided; they may carry bacteria such as listeria or from algae in red tide. Safe bets for including fish in the diet would be flounder, salmon, catfish, sardines, tilapia and trout for low mercury choices. Another nutritional dilemma June may be facing is her caffeine intake; she should not consume more than 200mg of caffeine per day. This is the equivalent of one twelve ounce cup of coffee. June should try to replace her four cup per day intake to decaffeinated coffee or tea to avoid any risks that high caffeine intake may have on her pregnancy.
Nutritional status is important during pregnancy, some advice June should consider for improving her nutritional status would be including two six ounce servings of fish per week of the lowest mercury content. She should also take a prenatal supplement and replace her coffee to decaffeinate. She should also be sure to have adequate fluid intake she should increase to three liters per day and eat a variety of foods including fruits, vegetables, dairy and grains. June should also discontinue her eating habits and be sure to have three nutritious meals per day. This will allow her to manage her weight better and stay healthier during her pregnancy.

A complication of pregnancy some women may face is hyperemesis gravidum. This condition is characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, electrolyte and acid base imbalance. Ways to treat this condition may vary, for severe cases IV rehydration and...

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