Assignment 1: Predictive Policing
October 15, 2013
Predictive policing is the application of logical techniques particularly measureable technique to identify likely goal for police interference crime or successfully past crimes by making statistical predictions. The use of statistical and geospatial analyses to forecast crime levels has been around for decades. Since having happened not long years, however, there has been a surge of interest in diagnostic tools that draw on very large data sets to make predictions in reinforce of crime prevention. These tools constantly increase police departments’ confidence on information technology (IT) to collect, maintain, and ...view middle of the document...
With situational awareness and anticipation of human behavior, police can identify and develop strategies to prevent criminal activity by repeat offenders against repeat victims. These methods also allow police departments to work more proactively with limited resources. However, it must be understood at all levels that applying these methods are not equivalent to finding a crystal ball. For a policing strategy to be considered effective, it must produce tangible results. For example, crime rates should be lower, arrest rates for serious offenses should increase, and there should be an observable positive impact on social and justice outcomes.
Compare and contrast the application of information technology (IT) to enhance police departments’ performance to reduce crime versus random patrols of the streets.
Using information technology to fight crime by the police officers is becoming increasingly effective in capturing the crime perpetrators. Predictive policing, or programs such as COMPSTAT, is taking data from disparate sources, analyzing them and then using the results to anticipate, prevent and respond more effectively to future crime. “The predictive vision moves law enforcement from focusing on what will happen and how to effectively deploy resources in front of the crime, there by changing outcomes.
Community policing is the practice that emphasizes foot patrols that allow officers to develop relationships on their beats and thereby lets the community help set law enforcement priorities. Both practices show police...