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Povety In Canada Since 1989 Essay

661 words - 3 pages

Poverty in Canada since 1989
The poverty rates across Canada have seen a rise and fall since 1989. The poverty rates are based on age, gender and family type. However, the poverty rates have seen a decline since 1989. The poverty for all persons in 1988 was 10.8% and in 2007 it was 9.2% (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). That is a 14.8% decrease in poverty for all persons in Canada over time (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). The decline in poverty could result for many reasons. Education, jobs and the economy of Canada may have improved a lot during the past twenty years. Canada is a developing country and is seeing improvements in social status of people. The class system plays a huge role. Could it be that families across Canada are moving up a class? Persons in economic families had a poverty rate of 8% in 1988 and it dropped to 6% in 2007 (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table ...view middle of the document...

If the people in poor class were paid more for their work, they could move up a class and it would definitely decline poverty rates across Canada.
Poverty for persons of age 65 and over seems to have declined incredibly. In 1988, it was 13% and in 1998, 8.6% which is a decline of 33.8% (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). The poverty rates for persons of age 65 and over continued to decline. They dropped from 8.6% in 1998 to 4.8% in 2007, which is another decline in poverty among persons of age 65 and over by 44% (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). There could be many reasons behind this. Maybe the retirement plans have improved significantly from 1989 to 2007. One reason could be that the baby-boom generation has been able to support the older people. Their taxes go towards pension plans which support persons of age 65 and over. However, the baby-boom generation is now retiring. This means, they will rely on pension plans. Since there will be a huge amount of people retiring very soon, could the poverty rates increase across Canada for persons of age 65 and over? The question will be answered in the coming years. By the looks of the Canadian economy, the poverty rates have been declining.

Poverty rates did increase for all persons from 1988 to 1998 (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). They were 10.8% in 1988 and went up to 13.7% in 1998 which is an increase of 26.9% over time (Statistics Canada, 2009, Table 202-0802). This could be because of an economic downturn which come and go all the time. Some economic downturns are very severe and will affect the poverty rates across Canada. We can hope that the Canadian economy continues to improve and the poverty rates across Canada continue to decline.

Statistics Canada. 2009. CANSIM, Table number 202-0802. Catalogue number 75-202-X. "Persons in low income after tax, by prevalence in percent.” Accessed October 22, 2009.

Fetner, T. (2009). Sociology [Lecture notes]. New York, NY: New York University: Ph.D. Sociology.

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