December 2, 2012
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Before the title became Post-traumatic stress disorder, war veterans called these symptoms â€œShell Shock.â€ Some of the soldiers presented with symptoms like staring eyes, severe tremors, blue cold extremities, unexplained deafness or blindness, and paralysis (Javidi & Yadollahie, 2012). Today, men and women of all ages and race are being diagnosed with post- traumatic stress disorder. It is more common in young adults due to being exposed to precipitating conditions. After a traumatic event, many people may develop symptoms like severe anxiety, amnesia, poor concentration, loss of appetite, ...view middle of the document...
Veterans returning home from a war often have post-traumatic stress disorder (Capehart & Bass, 2012).
The cause of post-traumatic stress disorder is unknown. Psychological, genetic, physical, and social factors are involved. Post-traumatic stress disorder changes the body's response to stress. It affects the stress hormones and chemicals that carry information between the nerves (neurotransmitters). There is no test that can diagnose post-traumatic stress disorder. Diagnosis is based on specific symptoms. In post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms are present for at least 30 days. People who have post-traumatic stress disorder have a great chance of having major depression, alcohol abuse or dependence, obsessive-compulsive disorder, dysthymia and antisocial personality. To be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, you must meet the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association. This manual is used by mental health professionals to diagnose mental conditions and by insurance companies to determine reimbursement for treatment (Peirce, 2009). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders use to include people that have been in traumatic events such as war, physical and sexual assault, being held hostage or confined to prison. Psychiatristâ€™s found out that this disorder affects millions of women and men throughout the world.
Counseling and the use of medicines are two treatment options that are effective when treating post-traumatic stress disorder. Professional counseling can help the victim deal with their thought process and how to cope with their feelings. Medication is used to help the victim feel less worried or sad. Post-traumatic stress disorder treatment often includes both medication and psychotherapy. Combining these two treatments can help improve the symptoms and teach the skills to deal with the traumatic event and life itself. Many types of medications can help with the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. There are antipsychotic drugs used to relieve severe anxiety and other problems such as difficulty sleeping or emotional outburst. Antidepressants are used to treat both depression and anxiety. Zoloft and Paxil are two examples of antidepressants that are used for post-traumatic stress disorder. Anti-anxiety medications can improve feelings of anxiety and less stress (Katsounari, 2011).
Several types of therapy can be used to treat children and adults with post-traumatic stress disorder. More than one can be used, or combining the different types is tried before finding which one works for the individual. You may also try individual therapy, group therapy or both. Group therapy can offer a way to connect to...