This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Population Essay

2510 words - 11 pages

Research Brief


China and India
The Asian Giants Are Heading Down Different Demographic Paths


hina and India, the world’s most populous nations, have much in common: Each has more than 1 billion residents; each has sustained an annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate over the past decade that is among the world’s ...view middle of the document...

Contrasting Demographic Trajectories

Two differences between China’s and India’s demographic paths bear most directly on each country’s future prospects: trends in population growth and changes in population age distribution.
this product is part of the RAND Corporation research brief series. RAND research briefs present policy-oriented summaries of published, peer-reviewed documents.

Corporate headquarters
1776 Main Street P.O. Box 2138 Santa Monica, California 90407-2138 tEL 310.393.0411 FAx 310.393.4818
© RAND 2011

India’s Population Is Growing More Rapidly Than China’s India’s population is currently smaller than China’s, but its current rate of population growth (1.55 percent annually) is more than double China’s (0.66 percent). In 2025, India’s total population is projected to equal China’s (about 1.4 billion in each country) and to surpass China’s thereafter, making India the world’s most populous nation. India’s population is expected to continue increasing through at least 2050, whereas China’s is expected to peak at about 1.4 billion in 2026 and to decline thereafter (Figure 1). These contrasting growth rates are driven primarily by differences in fertility. China’s fertility rate has been lower than India’s for many years, in part because of China’s One-Child Policy. In

2010, the total fertility rate in India was estimated at 2.65 children per woman, compared with 1.54 in China. This difference means that, on average, each Indian woman is currently having, over the course of her lifetime, more than one more child than each Chinese woman is. Total fertility rates in India are expected to decrease very gradually to “replacement level”—the level needed for population stabilization in the long run (approximately 2.1 children per woman)—by 2035 (Figure 2). By contrast, the total fertility rate in China has been below replacement level since 1991. China’s Population Is Older Than India’s and Is Beginning to Age Rapidly The two countries’ population-age distributions also differ substantially and are undergoing


Figure 1 Total Population Sizes, China and India, 2000–2035
1.5 1.4 Population (billions) 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 2000 2010 2020–2025

Figure 2 Total Fertility Rates, China and India, 2000–2035
3.5 Number of children per woman 3.0 2.5
Replacement level


2020–2025 China India

2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035

China India








Year SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, 2010.

Year SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, 2010.

significant change. Because of China’s declining fertility, the average age of its population is higher than India’s. As shown in Figure 3, in 2010 China’s largest age cohorts consisted of people aged 20–24, 35–39, and 40–44. By contrast, India’s age structure more closely resembles the classic “pyramid” shape, in which the youngest cohort is...

Other Papers Like Population

Population Pyramid Essay

666 words - 3 pages AP Human Geography Population Pyramid Project Analysis INCLUDEPICTURE "" \* MERGEFORMATINET Region: East Asia Statistics CBR CDR NIR CBR CDR NIR What do the above pyramid shapes and statistics imply about the demographics of the nations and where they are along the Demographic Transition? (Include shape and at least 3 pieces of

Ageing Population Essay

967 words - 4 pages Using Item B and elsewhere, assess the view that an ageing population creates problems for society There are many different problems that an ageing population creates for society. There are many reasons why there is an increase in the ageing population, as Item B states “In common with many western societies, the United Kingdom has an ageing population. Rising life expectancy and a relatively low birth rate have meant that the average age of

Population Geography

1419 words - 6 pages Topic: The Relationship Between Female Literacy and Fertility “Many Indian states are making reasonable progress with fertility decline through non-authoritarian methods. This progress owes a great deal to the improvement of female literacy” ( Dreze, 2001) Fertility rates throughout the world are causing a big problem with the population dilemma that the world has run into. The main contributor to this problem of either under

Population Density

903 words - 4 pages Pop Population Density Shauna Crowson OMM612: Managing in Social Change Instructor: Dr. Daniel Nation June 10, 2013 Introduction Every community and city has its own special civility. As American population grows, cities and towns culture of civility will continue to change. This paper will discuss the possible changes in American experience of growing populations, the experience of individuals who live in a dense environment with

Homeless Population

1008 words - 5 pages Homeless Populations HN200 1. In your text on pages 206-207, the author discusses his research on the homeless population. He refers to the many routes one can take to become homeless. Choose two populations from his list that you might work with in your career as a human services professional. Describe two possible interventions or tasks that you might be involved with in working with each population. What are some of the general

Black Population

669 words - 3 pages Black Population Rene Madore State University of New York at Utica/Rome Black Population Spector’s discussion of the Black population begins with four pictures of significance that preserve, defend, and reestablish health within their community. Figure 11-1(Spector, 2013, p. 265) shows a picture of a classic Haitian meal, which has all the necessary components of a healthy meal for maintaining health. Figure 11-2 (Spector, 2013, p. 265

Aging Population

3550 words - 15 pages The Impact of the Aging Population on the Health Workforce in the United States: Summary of Key Findings March 2006 This study was funded by the National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Bureau of Health Professions Health Resources and Services Administration Prepared by Center for Health Workforce Studies School of Public Health, University at Albany 7 University Place Rensselaer, NY 12144-3458 Impact of the Aging Population

Vulnerable Population

661 words - 3 pages reside. CDC provides evidence that Medicare beneficiaries belonging to racial and ethnic minorities persistently experience an increasing disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability compared with non-minorities population (CDC, 2014). Experience with vulnerable populations: Less than a year ago, a stroke and gastric cancer affected my mother. She spent several months in the hospital and nursing home at an approximate

Essay On Population

815 words - 4 pages Mirjana Bakrac Essay on Population World consists of seven continents with current population of 6,692,030,277. Sweden belongs to European continent which represents 11.3% of world population and on average has 0.1% rate of annual population decrease. On the other side, China belongs to Asian continent, which represents 60.5% of world population and on average has 1.3% rate of annual population increase. Sweden

Population Growth Research Papers

4060 words - 17 pages ------------------------------------------------- Population growth From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The estimated size of human population from 10,000 BCE–2000 CE. 'Population growth' refers to the growth in human populations. Global population growth is around 80 million annually, or 1.2% p.a. The global population has grown from 1 billion in 1925 to 7 billion in 2012. It is expected to keep growing to reach 11 billion by the end of

World Issues: Population

1542 words - 7 pages With 6,300 deaths an hour and 15,000 births an hour for 24 hours a day, the earth's population is rapidly increasing. There has not been much recent attention around this subject, but with such a rapid increase in numbers, if a blind eye is turned problems can occur. The population as a whole could be beneficial or ultimately one of the world's greatest disasters. There are many factors that play a part in population growth and sustainability

Related Essays

Population Increase Essay

649 words - 3 pages Have you noticed more people walking, driving, and standing around nowadays?     Well you should, because there are a lot more people on this planet today than there was at the beginning of this century. How many more people you ask? In 1900 the population was estimated at 1.5 billion. On October 12, 1999 the population hit six billion. This date is referred to as “Y6B” or “The Day of Six Billion.” Just to give you an

Population Demography Essay

1054 words - 5 pages Life history tradeoffs. • Reproductive female red deer on Scottish island have lower survival rates than non-reproductive females of same age •Adult kestrels (sparrow hawks) have better survival if their broods are artificially reduced, and poorer survival if the broods are artificially enlarged. Fig 52.6, Campbell 6 Fig. 52.7, Campbell 7 Demography and Population Dynamics November 17 2006 Announcements • we’re now 1 lecture behind; I

Population Growth Essay

2430 words - 10 pages POPULATION GROWTH Population can be defined as the number of inhabitants in a particular area. It deals with people and their dwellings and also with the environment that this people live in. Population can be defined through various perspectives ranging from age, ethnicity, birthplace, location and many more. Population can also be defined in different categories and they include population size, population structure and population

Human Population Essay

1236 words - 5 pages Human Overpopulation Not that long ago, humans were still struggling to survive in a world plagued with diseases, predators, and unknown dangers. The harsh natural environment functioned to keep our population growth in check. However, since the last century, the human population had grown exponentially. Our survival is no longer threatened by other species and harsh environmental conditions. In fact, there is a new concern for the modern