Political View Essay

933 words - 4 pages

Щипицына - Соотношение дескриптивных и оценочных прилагательных в брит ...view middle of the document...

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А. А. Щипицына

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СООТНОШЕНИЕ ДЕСКРИПТИВНЫХ И ОЦЕНОЧНЫХ ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ В БРИТАНСКОМ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОМ МЕДИА-ДИСКУРСЕ (Политическая лингвистика. - Выпуск (2) 22. - Екатеринбург, 2007. - С. 93-98)

The present paper is concerned with the quantitative correlation of descriptive and evaluative adjectives in attributive function and their role in the realisation of the category of evaluation in political discourse in present-day news in British national broadsheets.

Целью настоящего исследования является определение количественного соотношения дескриптивных, обще- и частнооценочных ...view middle of the document...

А. Михайлова, который пишет, что качественная пресса оказывает своё влияние на общество информированностью, аналитичностью, способностью предвидеть будущее, а также может влиять на умонастроения элиты, принимающей важные решения [Михайлов 2004: 337]. В обзоре состояния рынка средств массовой информации Великобритании за 2004 г. исследователь Г.А. Голованова указывает на то, что национальные качественные газеты увеличили свой тираж, в то время как тиражи всех массовых ("бульварных") газет Великобритании падают [2005: 13-14]. Необходимо также подчеркнуть, что в настоящее время Великобритания продолжает занимать одно из ведущих мест в мире по насыщенности прессой. При этом национальные или местные газеты читают трое из четырех англичан, а всего в стране издается 160 ежедневных газет и 1300 ежедневников [Соколов, Виноградова 2000]. Отбор материала для настоящего исследования осуществлялся в несколько этапов. На первом этапе происходил отбор материалов из разделов Front Page News и / или UK News (газета The Daily Telegraph); Front page, UK News, Politics (газета The Guardian), UK News, Politics (газета The Independent); Britain и / или Politics (газета The Times). Разделы газет, материалы из которых были подвергнуты анализу, представлены в таблице 1: Таблица 1. Разделы британских национальных качественных газет, послужившие источником материала для исследования. Издание The Daily Telegraph The Guardian The Independent The Times

http://www.philology.ru/linguistics1/shipitsina-07.htm

21.11.2010

Щипицына - Соотношение дескриптивных и оценочных прилагательных в брит...

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Разделы

Front Page News UK News -

Front page UK News Politics

UK News Politics -

Britain Politics -

На следующем этапе отобранные материалы группировались в соответствии с темой, которую они освещали. В рамках настоящего исследования мы рассматривали внутриполитический медиа-дискурс британских качественных газет о новом законопроекте об образовании. Вопрос о возможности совершенно нейтрального, чуждого оценочности использования языка пока ждёт своего решения. Некоторые исследователи полагают, что в процессе коммуникации "в некотором смысле нейтральное использование языка в принципе невозможно", поскольку многочисленные факторы (как, например, отбор частей обсуждаемой ситуации, последовательность введения в текст участников, экспликация отношения говорящего к передаваемой информации и т.д.) воздействуют на понимание речевого сообщения адресатом [Баранов и др. 2004: 5, 10]. Отмечается, что в ходе политической коммуникации эффект языкового воздействия сохраняется на достаточно высоком уровне и, следовательно, политическая коммуникация, отражённая в текстах СМИ, оказывает огромное влияние на общественное сознание и на формирование политических диспозиций граждан [Баранов и др. 2004: 5-6]. В этой связи необходимо подчеркнуть, что, согласно точке зрения некоторых учёных, одной из специальных функций масс-медиа в современных демократических обществах...

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