PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
Political parties are the most significant mechanisms in a democratic government. They both express and form public opinion. They are the chief mechanism of informing and influencing the electorate. As majority party forms the government in centre, the same is valid for the state legislature. Thus, the political parties become all the most important in analyzing any kind of politics in India. As everyone is free to contest election and form organization of political behavior, different political parties have rooted their stem in Indian politics. Here we will discuss some of the national and state political parties which had ...view middle of the document...
2. The conditions in (A) or (B) above shall not be deemed to have been fulfilled by a political party, if a member of the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State becomes a member of that political party after his election to that House or, as the case may be, that Assembly.
3. 'State’ includes the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Pondicherry.
4. If a political party is treated as a recognized political party in four or more States, it shall be known as a `National Party’ throughout the whole of India, but only so long as that political party continues to fulfill thereafter the conditions for recognition in four or more States on the results of any subsequent general election either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of any State.
5. If a political party is treated as a recognized political party in less than four States, it should be known as a `State Party’ in the State or States in which it is so recognized, but only so long as that political party continues to fulfill thereafter the conditions for recognition on the results of any subsequent general election to the House of the People or, as the case may be, to the Legislative Assembly of the State, in the said State or States.
But, recently under the tenure of the previous chief election commissioner of India, S Y Quraishi, the Election Commission revised its rule for recognition of political party in states. Disregarding the fact of number of seats won, the election commission set the rule that for recognition, a party has to secure at least 8% of the votes polled, whether or not they win a seat.
2.2 National Parties in States
Many national parties have their roots in certain regions from where they grew. The one exception to this rule can be of Indian National Congress. The Congress (I) in 1984 election swept all states except Andhra Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim. And the fact that both Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir have congress party sitting in majority, and that 1977 election of assembly in Sikkim, Congress came to power, shows that congress has ruled every part of the country since its inception. The major contributor to its regional as well as national success is often attributed from the fact that in its working committees (CWC) or its management (All India Congress Committee), proper representation to every caste and community has been tried to give. The popular public sentiments have often being respected, even at times ignoring the contribution of senior political leaders (like appointment of Bhupinder Singh Hooda as Chief Minister of Haryana instead of Bhajan Lal).
Being a very strong national party, congress always focused more on national problems over the regional ones. It cost them dearly from time to time. Before Narsimha Rao was in power, Congress was a stronghold party in Uttar Pradesh. The strong electorate of U.P., which always favored the congress, resulted in...