Policy Of Globalization Essay

2322 words - 10 pages

Public policy is embedded into the day-to-day lives of Canadian citizens. Although some may not be actively aware of the multitude of policies, they do determine every aspect of the Canadian society. There are policies that govern air, water, food, transportation, technology, taxes, health and immigration. But this is not an exclusive list of Canadian public polices. Two domains of public policy are domestic and foreign. Internal rules and regulations that govern within a nations border are known as domestic policies (Gale, 2008). Foreign polices are diametric in that they consist of international relations that take place outside a nation’s border (Elman, XXXX, p. X). When take together on ...view middle of the document...

Put definition of globalization here? 

The events of September 11, 2001 (9/11) have strongly influenced Canadian domestic and foreign policy. Before 9/11 the term terrorism did not elicit the type of response that it has since the event. While terrorism was certainly not born on 9/11, it can be redefined as being a ‘new’ wave of horror requiring ‘new’ counterterrorism measures. In December of 2001, three months after 9/11, Canada’s federal government passed the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA). This emergency legislation amended the Criminal Code giving “large powers to the police forces and security agencies fighting against terrorism” (Coutu &ump; Giroux, 2006, p. 314). Although this was the Canada’s first anti-terrorism legislation, there were more amendments to follow. In April of 2004 Prime Minister Paul Martin introduced the new policy for national security (Donneur &ump; Chirica, 2005, p. 10). “Securing an Open Society: Canada’s National Security Policy is a strategic framework and action plan designed to ensure that Canada is prepared for and can respond to current and future threats” (Public Safety Canada, 2004). 

United Nations (UN) has deemed terrorism a global challenge; therefore, it requires a global strategic response (UN, 2008). However, it has also changed domestic policy with regards to the responsibilities of police. With the passing of ATA, police have been granted wide sweeping powers to act on suspected acts of terrorism. It has proven difficult to balance the nation’s security threats with individual human rights. Civil liberties “entail rights that humans derive by virtue of their humanity” (Khan, 2006, p. 139). These are the same civil liberties that are most cherished in our society: our privacy, freedom of expression, freedom of movement and association, freedom from unwarranted search and seizure, and freedom of religion. 

The paradigm shift in these public policies can be attributed to the consequences of terrorism, which were intensified by globalization. The interconnectedness and interdependence of the world has made it impossible for Canada to isolate itself from the issues that have stemmed from the globalized world. Personal security, national security, and international security have all been meshed into one plan of action (Public Safety Canada, 2004). The threats that Canada faces are not limited to terrorism even though they may all be intertwined. 

Canada’s ever changing ethnic composition has also had an effect on public policy (Riddell-Dixon, xxxx, p. 5). The rapid increase in Canada’s population… Connect this to globalization why is immigration part of globalization? Historically, the majority of Canada’s immigrants arrived from Europe as where today most come from other geographic regions around the world. Since Canada promotes this cultural mosaic, in which individuals have the right to ascribe to whichever culture they chose, it must also provide multicultural development (McBride, 2011,...

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