Policy Analysis II
University of Phoenix
Dec 3 2014
Policy Analysis II
Police and corrections are two important components of the criminal justice system. They are involved in the public policy on a daily basis. Team “A” chose to research police and correction policies and describe how these policies affect the operations and decision-making process. According to Welsh and Harris, policies are described as “a rule or set of rules or guidelines for how to make a decision”; a program as “a set of services aimed at achieving specific goals and objectives within specified individuals, groups, organizations, or communities”; and a project as “a time-limited set of services provided to particular individuals, groups, organizations or communities, usually focused on a single need, problem or issue. (Harris & Welsh, 1999, p. 357).” Police and corrections policies will be summarized while analyzing their ...view middle of the document...
S. Of those arrested one quarter are arrested for nonviolent, drug-related offenses (Winterbourne, 2012). Marijuana is the most widely used drug in the United States. Under the current War on Drug policy there is discriminative evidence that shows African Americans and Hispanics make up eighty five percent of arrestees in some states (Winterbourne, 2012). Caucasians were not far behind making up seventy five percent. There were an obvious increase of arrest as a result affecting the operating and decision making of the police.
Research revealed that the War on Drug policy “is based on false premises and misrepresented scientific findings, is an unnecessary drain on the United States economy resulting in unconstitutional and excessive legal sanctions against U.S. Hispanic and African American minorities (Winterbourne, 2012, p. 95).” Michael Grossman, the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse provided data from various middle and high schools throughout the United States that supported these claims. All the research and data provided identified necessary changes in the current drug policy regarding federal marijuana sanctions. As mentioned marijuana is the most illicit drug used in the world today. One of the main reasons for this is one in five U.S. adults has admittedly used marijuana. Further research revealed that first exposure to marijuana use for U.S. citizens is likely to occur during high school (Winterbourne, 2012). As a whole the War on Drug policy affects the operations and decision-making process of police agencies throughout the United States.
Harris, W. N., & Welsh, P. (1999). Criminal Justice Policy and Planning. Cincinnati, Ohio. Retrieved November 28, 2014
We are Drug Policy Alliance. (2014). Retrieved Nov 30, 2014, from A Brief History of the Drug War: http://www.drugpolicy.org/new-solutions-drug-policy/brief-history-drug-war
Winterbourne, M. (2012). United States drug policy: The scientific, economic, and social issues surrounding marijuana. Social Sciences, 6. Retrieved Nov 30, 2014, from http://web.stanford.edu/group/journal/cgi-bin/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Winterbourne_SocSci_2012