Good morning everyone,
I am here today to present to you a speech on Saloth Sar, more infamously known as Pol Pot.
Saloth Sar was born on the 19th May, 1928 in Prek Sbauv, a village located in the Kompong Thom province of Cambodia. Sar was the youngest of seven children, born to a family of middle-class peasants.
Saloth Sar begun his schooling life at Ecole Miche in 1937, a french private Catholic School, and in 1942, enrolled into Norodom Sihanouk High School, in Kompong Cham, of which he graduated in 1947.
In 1948, Saloth Sar enrolled into Ecole Technique in Phnom Penh, where, in 1949 he was awarded a scholarship to study radio-electricity at Ecole Francaise, France. He arrived ...view middle of the document...
In 1966, Sar secretly changed the name of the WPK to the Communist party of Kampuchea.
In 1967 a peasant uprising against the Sihanouk regime breaks out in northwest and is swiftly repressed. After the repression, the CPK decides to inaugurate a policy mixing armed and political struggle. Throughout the year Sihanouk continues to repress local communists.
On the eve of the TET offensive in 1968, the Khmer Rouge overruns a government post in battambang and captures several weapons. Although they were pushed back, the weapons captured were used to expel police from several Cambodian villages.
By this time Sar had adopted a more absolutist type of leadership of the Khmer Rouge, in comparison to his previous collective ideals.
In 1970 Sihanouk was voted out of power, and, with North Vietnam reacting to the change, they sent Prime Minister Pham Van Dong, accompanied by Saloth Sar to form a united front to overthrow the pro-American regime of now prime minister Lon Nol.
Throughout 1971, The north Vietnamese and Viet Cong played the largest part in offensives laid against the Cambodian government. Saloth Sar took this as a chance to train and recruit further than he had previously been able too. Also receiving assistance of 5 million dollars worth of arms from China per year, and an independent source of revenue, which Sar organised and set up in eastern Cambodia, Rubber plantations assisted by forced labour.
Over the next 4 years, the Khmer Rouge worked their way through the country side, evacuating captured towns, out of fear of U.S bombardment, and recruiting as they went, implementing harsher policies on the middle-class and studentsâ€¦ Ironic seeing as Sar and other high standing officials of the CPK were originally middle-class students.
On the 17th of April 1975, The Khmer Rouge, headed by Saloth Sar took Phnom Penh, and declared his name Pol Pot, in the tradition of communist leaders, such as Ho Chi Minh, and Stalin assuming a new name upon leadership. Upon capture Pot also passed that Cambodia was to be known as Democratic Kampuchea.
This was the beginning of a very dark saga in Cambodian history, with Pol Potsâ€™ Khmer Rouge administering the death of hundreds of thousands of people, shepherding them in shackles, and forcing them to dig their own mass graves, and then killed by the soldiers with blunt objects or buried alive. â€œ Bullets were not to be wastedâ€
The population were facing severe starvation, with a ration of...