Pm And Cabinet Essay

3426 words - 14 pages

08
Fall
How governments are formed

There are no codified rules in the UK to state how government is formed, in theory it is in the hands of the monarch – up until the 19thCentury this was largely a reality. However the monarch no longer plays any active role in this process. The party that wins a majority of seats in the House of Commons after a general election, its leader will be invited by the monarch to form a government.

2010 Coalition

* Conservatives were longest party in HoC but failed to win overall majority
* Labour negotiated a coalition with LibDems and later the LibDems negotiated with both main parties for a coalition
* Labour and LibDem did not make an ...view middle of the document...

Therefore minority governments cannot attempt to do anything radical.
* Coalition government – where two or more parties take part. There are two conditions that must be me:
1. Ministerial posts are shared between the coalition parties
2. There needs to be an agreement by all the coalition parties as to which policies can be accepted
There had been no coalition government in the UK from 1945 until 2010 – considered to be unnatural.

Different types of coalition:
* Majority coalition – formed by 2 parties simply to create parliamentary majority.
* Grand coalition – between 2 major parties – formed to create an overwhelming majority.
* Rainbow coalition – between a larger number of parties, often of great varying philosophies. Normally one large party and several smaller ones.
* National coalition – where all parties/selection of parties are invited to participate. Occur at times of national crisis and are designed to create unity.

Cabinet government in the past

Since the 1960s cabinet government has been gradually eroded and replaced by the notion of ‘prime ministerial government’

Cabinet realities that were taken for granted:
* Represented the collective identity of government
* Domestic and foreign policies made within cabinet
* In order for a policy to be official it would need full cabinet approval
* Disputes within government would have been resolved in cabinet
* PM had a higher status than his/her colleagues but was often out voted within the cabinet

Cabinet government – A system of government where the cabinet is the central policy-making body.

Prime Ministerial domination

* 1960s PM became increasingly dominant within government, in the same period the role of media was becoming increasingly important. The media were choosing to centre on the PM alone as the spokesperson for the whole government. This caused the PM to be the presenter and the maker of government policy.
* Thatcher took prime ministerial domination to a new level; after the election following the Falklands War (1982) Thatcher appeared to dominate the whole government machinery. She became to be either feared or respected by her colleagues. She was respected abroad almost as Churchill had been, and the media concentrated all their attention on her. Ultimately her own cabinet removed her in 1990 after her support for the highly unpopular poll tax.
* She was replaced by John Major who brought back cabinet and collective decision-making. However the cabinet proved to be an obstacle in the way of Major’s attempts to improve our democracy.
* Tony Blair 1997-2007 set about restoring personal control. He took prime-ministerial control to new heights. His style of leadership was often described as ‘sofa politics’; a form of practice of settling issues with individual ministers privately and informally. Blair’s style was also described as presidential; he often spoke on behalf of the nation rather...

Other Papers Like Pm and Cabinet

To What Extent Does Pm Dominate Uk Politics

1656 words - 7 pages system in the UK and conclude by giving my opinion on to what extent he controls the political system. The PM is head of the executive and seen as the most important figure of UK politics, with this comes powers and responsibility’s that arguably makes him the most powerful man in the country. The ability to hand pick your cabinet is a key factor on how much the PM controls the political system of, being able to choose who does what job in the

Great Britain Notes Essay

955 words - 4 pages In class notes 2/21/12 The Cabinet and Bureaucracy Back bencher * new members elected, young, inexperienced. * If enough back benchers they can join against the gov’t. Back bencher dissent * a vote of no confidence, * vote against the party. * Very Rare * Would kill their political career Order from Liberal to Conservative Traditional Labour-Liberal Democrats-Labour-Conservative The Bureaucracy * Two Heads of

The Absence of a Separation of Powers in Britain Gives the Government Too Much Power

885 words - 4 pages damaging for any PM, such as Claire Short and this proved to be more of a distraction to Blair creating unsettlement within his party and the Cabinet. Any minority govt. however would be too frail to run our nation effectively. It could not easily pass legislation and the opposition could prevent it from passing bills. However surely this is one of the fundamentals of Democracy. Our govt. should vote together on important matter without letting

E Savvy-Safety

782 words - 4 pages a huge march on Tuesday. Mr Mubarak, who has been in power for 30 years, has ordered new Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq to push through democratic reforms and create new jobs. But there are few major changes in the new cabinet line-up, with Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit and Defence Minister Gen Mohamed Hussein Tantawi - who also becomes deputy PM - both keeping their posts. Continue reading the main story At The Scene image of Kevin

Sona 2013

823 words - 4 pages the Department of Finance (DOF). * The President paid DFA secretary Albert del Rosario a salute. He said cabinet members are “sacrificing to help transform our nation.” Del Rosario, he said, flew to Libya and spearheaded the repatriation of more than 20,000 Filipinos. * He also paid tribute to the late DILG secretary Jesse Robredo, citing his sacrifices and public service. * President Aquino ended his fourth SONA at 5:46 pm

Ikea Case

1717 words - 7 pages family portrait. You’ll get the photo print and frame to take home for free! Offer is limited to first 200 IKEA shoppers only. DAY 2 | 28 August | Children’s Room Room doodle (6-8 pm) Pen your thoughts and draw your inspirations. Have your own fun by drawing the walls of the bedroom! DAY 1 | 29 August | Kitchen Table Setting Competition (6-8 pm) Are you good at setting the table for dinner? You will be given 1 minute to gather plates, cutlery and glasses from the cabinet and arrange it as per a prearranged setting set by game master. There are attractive IKEA prizes for the winners!

History Exam Summary

1903 words - 8 pages to advance its loans to Britain if it reduced its welfare expenditure <Ramsay told his colleagues there was no other way than to cut wages put Ramsay under pressure. 3) Ramsey’s betrayal * Cabinet split was known as the great betrayal. * Ramsay didn't want to resign, instead he wanted to stay on as pm but form a national government or coalition * Went behind the backs of his colleagues and done a deal with the opposition leaders

Dfd Diagram

2533 words - 11 pages six monthly master production schedule from their filing cabinet, then requests a list of products currently held in the finished goods inventory. The computer creates and prints a report listing current finished goods inventory items. The production planning clerk manually estimates the finished goods levels for the end of current month by adding together the current inventory level and the volume on the master production plan for each product

Why Do Liberals Favour Limited Government and How They Propose It Be Achieved?

998 words - 4 pages independent institutions, hereby preventing any person from becoming a tyrant. This strict separation of powers means that no single group can have too much power. There are many other checks on the power of government including Cabinet Government, which spreads the power of the executive over several individuals instead of one exclusive authority. In Prime Ministers Question Time, the PM has to answer a variety of unrehearsed questions in which he

Executive Power

877 words - 4 pages its fragmentation. This can be seen as the prime minister tends to dominate the cabinet. The UK government has been described as a overctrenatlized system of government. This would suggest that parliament doesn't really limit the power of the executive significantly enough. After all, parliament can not render the PM from using his prerogative powers of dismissing and appointing ministers and also heading the civil service. The outcome of

Business Etiquette in Israel

1590 words - 7 pages including Israel’s 16% Arab population who are Israeli citizens. As in many other democracies, Israelis elect Members of Parliament and majority party coalitions compose the governing cabinet headed by a Prime Minister. Business Dress Business dress in Israel is in general Euro-American and usually classified as casual. Non-religious Israelis will tend to be very tolerant and indifferent to attire gaffes. Israeli stores and boutiques carry all the

Related Essays

To What Extent Does The Prime Minister Dominate The Political System In The Uk?

1317 words - 6 pages To what extent does the Prime Minister dominate the political system in the UK? Over time as the cabinet evolved, one minister became the monarch’s principle ally and advisor. After Sir Robert Walpole in the 1720’s they became known as the Prime Minister (PM). This comes from the Latin Primus Inter Pares, meaning first among equals. The Prime Minister evolved from a group of ministers appointed by the monarch, and used to rely largely on

What Are The Main Sources Of Prime Ministerial Power Exemplar

725 words - 3 pages this does come with constraints; firing members of the cabinet can cause tensions within the party. However, substantial reshuffles have secures a PM’s power such as Blair’s. In addition during a coalition government management of the cabinet is more complex and less likely to strengthen the power of the PM. Not only does the PM control who sits as part of the the executive it is also the duty and responsibility (and power) of the PM to manage

Has The Principle Of Cabinet Government Been Marginalised By A ‘Presidential’ Prime Minister? Does It Matter?

2292 words - 10 pages The idea that the Prime Minister acting ‘Presidential’ has marginalised Cabinet Government is in my eyes a valid one. In coming to this conclusion it is necessary to understand exactly what Cabinet Government is and so, determine if in fact it is being trivialised and marginalised by the PM. The Cabinet is a collection of elected ministers, chosen by the PM to aid in making important decisions for the PM. The most important principle for the

To What Extent Is The Uk’s Government Becoming More Presidential? Discuss

1122 words - 5 pages of power: it is fairly difficult for said person to be kicked out of their presidency, due to the powers invested in them by their codified constitution. Whereas, a British PM can be ousted out a lot easily by their cabinet. An example of this is Margaret Thatcher in November 1990 when she had lost the support of the majority of her cabinet and decided to leave office to save her from the humiliation of being forced to leave by a vote of no