TOPIC OF ASSIGNMENT:
“PLATO’S CONCEPTION OF GOD AND HOW IT IMPACTED HIS VIEWS ON LITERATURE”
Plato considers God as having perfect goodness; and that the fundamental reality exists in the mind of god who directs other souls to spread righteousness in the world; every soul is responsible for its actions therefore it must do goodness to become like god in order to get an ideal society.
Plato refutes literature, especially poetry, on the basis of this conception. He believes that purpose of creating this world is to spread goodness. Hence literature must possess elements of true reality in it to convey to the readers.
In this task, I am assigned to give a glimpse on Plato’s conception ...view middle of the document...
Plato offers a scale of reality which includes “model or Ideas, the Maker, the soul of the universe, the other gods, human souls, and finally the receptacle or matrix”. According to Plato’s scale of life, God is and absolutely perfect. He has created secondary gods who further precede the process of creation and make mortal parts of human beings and other heavenly bodies. God makes their immortal parts and gives souls to them. Plato portrays humans as abstracts who must go for righteousness and search for good. These gods and souls of mortal beings together work for good and make world soul. Thus the whole universe contributes in making this world good. So we cannot say that God remains indifferent to the people. Instead He rewards them for doing well in the world.
Plato believes that God has always a model or pattern before Him while creating this world which depicts that even God follows a certain pattern. These patterns or forms are called reality. These ideas are already present before god and he gives these ideas to his creations. In his work Parmenides, Plato says that “God thinks the ideas because they exist; they do not exist because he thinks them”. It maintains that Ideas are the supreme reality that is obligatory for the process of creation. He believes that God puts those ideas or forms into the minds of other souls which further move according to those ideas and choose their activities or motion. Hence every soul is answerable for its deeds.
Plato states that God is responsible only for good and his aim to create world is to spread good through secondary gods and human beings. It is bogus to blame god for the spread of evil because God is beyond evil; he is only good therefore he is not responsible for evil prevalent in society. He is not responsible for evil because “what never does anything bad cannot be the cause of the bad”. God is responsible only for good since he created this world out of disorder and brought life into it to make the world good. His intention is only to spread integrity in the society. He emphasizes that it is human’s duty to spread rhythm and regularity into this chaotic world through doing good actions. God has left it up to the human beings to choose between good and evil so that he may reward the good souls and punish the wicked souls. “The fault lies with the chooser, god is not responsible”.
Plato refuted that god can be bribed. He suggested strictly prohibiting those works which portray gods as taking bribes because such works influence negatively upon the minds of readers and they no longer consider bribes as vices. Plato has implied his conception of god in many of his works in order to make his readers have a true ideology related to literature and other fields of life. These conceptions about god influenced the view of Plato on literature to such an extent that he has tried many times to rectify the erroneous conceptions given by other writers in the discipline of literature. In his works,...