Question 1: provide a definition/ description of strategic planning process, addressing the critical issues/questions the process takes into account.
(a) Strategic planning process is an organization’s process, which is designed to identify a long-term goal or direction to develop the organization, and put into practice. Strategic planning guides conversations about an organization’s purpose, helps integrate perspectives from multiple stakeholders, and provides the steps to develop goals and objectives that will move the organization’s forward.
(b) The specific issues would be various due to different standards and analysis techniques which applied to strategic planning. However, ...view middle of the document...
Determining Specific Goals and Action Plan
Specific goal is a set of specific, short-term results to be reached, in order to achieve long-term goals of the organizations. The cumulative number of specific targets and interactions will lead to long-term goal of eventually reached, which bears the philosophical principle of quantitative change to qualitative change.
Establishing Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanisms
Strategic planning should includes the monitoring and evaluation mechanisms on
Progress of implementation, which includes plans to develop periodic review, update or modify the strategic long-term goals and specific objectives.
Question 2: Identify the key elements of strategic planning process providing a brief description of each element.
Developing a strategy for organization growth requires the leaders deepen the understanding of the way an organization works and its position relative to other organization in your target field. As a starting point, you need to ask yourself the following three questions:
Where is your organization now? This involves understanding as much about your organization as possible.
Where do you want to take it? This is at the heart of the strategic planning process. Leaders need to set out the top-level objectives. Work out your vision, mission, objectives, values, techniques and goals.
What do you need to do to get there? What changes will you need to make in order to deliver on your strategic objectives? What is the best way of implementing those changes?
Typically there are 10 steps in strategic planning process
Initiate and agree on a strategic planning process.
Identify organizational mandates.
Clarify organizational mission and values.
Assess the external and internal environments to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
Identify the strategic issue facing the organization.
Formulate strategies to manage the issues.
Review and adopt the strategic plan or plans.
Establish an effective organizational vision.
Develop an effective implementation process.
Reassess strategies and the strategic planning process.
Question 3: Describe the role and function of the Nonprofit Board and that of the chief Executive (executive director), compare and contrast the two.
a) Roles of Nonprofit Board and the Executives
The nonprofit board has multiple roles and responsibilities. The most common and fundamental of these are the legal and fiduciary duties that apply to essentially all governing boards.
Legal duties of board
The board of directors is the primary group of people entrusted with and accountable for leadership and governance of the nonprofit corporation, which is authorized by a state to be formed for the purpose of engaging in some form of public service.
A nonprofit board and its members have three fundamental duties:
Duty of care
Duty of loyalty
Duty of obedience
The fiduciary responsibility of boards