Physics Of A Curve Essay

2249 words - 9 pages

The Physics of a Curve
By: Brennen Hodge
February 8, 2008

“Strike three!”, yelled the umpire. The kid didn’t even come close to touching the it. This is the gratification you receive from throwing a properly thrown curve ball. Ever since I was 12 years old, I am been making batters duck out of the way, swing at balls in the dirt, and essentially look like a total idiot at times. That is a curve ball for you. A ball, when thrown properly, looks like a fastball coming right at your head then all of a sudden the bottom falls out of it and comes right across the plate. It is probably the hardest pitch to hit in baseball and likewise the hardest pitch to master. Added to your repertoire of ...view middle of the document...

But when he proved it could be done, he was known as the Boy Wonder.
Diminuitive in size at 5'9, 120 pounds, the Toledo native began to work his way up from semipro teams to the National Association and National League in the 1870s. He enjoyed tremendous success in 1873 and 1875, winning 35 games one season. From there, he became an owner, moving to the International Association and running both the league and his team, the Lynn Live Oaks. Cummings continued to play, but struggled on the field with losing records. His team was forced to drop out of the league and Cummings returned to the NL in 1877. As you can see this man should not be in the hall of fame through his stats. He is simply in the hall of fame for his contribution to the game, the curve ball.
Another pitcher to lay claim to inventing the curveball is Fred Goldsmith, who some claimed gave the first publicly recorded demonstration of the curveball (to baseball historian Henry Chadwick) on August 16, 1870 in Brooklyn, New York. However, it is now generally agreed that Cummings was already throwing the curveball in actual games by the time Goldsmith gave his demonstration.
“All right, go stand behind that tree and I’ll hit you with an optical illusion.” That was hall-of-fame pitcher Dizzy Dean’s response to a critic who claimed that a curveball was merely an optical illusion to a batter. Dean knew it was a fact that baseballs really curve. In fact, every pitcher in the majors knew this was true because pitcher Freddy Goldsmith had proved it in 1870. Goldsmith set up three poles in a straight line. He threw a pitch from the left side of the first pole that then passed the right side of the middle pole before curving back to the left of the last pole.
Scholars have been debating for years about what force makes a curveball curve. Though Lord Rayleigh to Magnus (yes, this is his actual name) was the first to do experiments on spinning spheres in aerodynamic flows, the first to actually take a baseball into the laboratory in 1959 was Lyman Briggs, retired director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Even though the mathematics and physics involved gets very complicated very quickly, the force is a result of the one thing that makes all motion possible: friction. What makes a baseball curve is viscosity, which causes the “no slip” condition where the spinning ball makes the air inside the adjacent boundary layer circulate. If you don’t understand this don’t worry, it will be explained later. But first it is important to know exactly what a curveball is.
How to Throw a Curveball
The grip is the most important part of learning how to throw a curveball. Grip the ball by placing your middle finger on the inside half of the seam and apply pressure to the ball. Your index finger should stay as close to your middle finger as possible. Your ring and pinkie finger should rest under the ball with only your ring finger in contact with the baseball. The ideal location...

Other Papers Like Physics of a Curve

Career Analysis: Video Game Programmer

889 words - 4 pages first establish myself in the industry as a programmer because design jobs are typically not entry-level and require more experience. Before planning the steps I will need to take to become a video game physics engine programmer I must first analyze the responsibilities of a video game programmer; specifically a physics engine programmer. “A physics engine programmer is responsible for determining the physics that will be utilized in a video

Physics Of Sound Essay

814 words - 4 pages the frequency would be low (longer the wavelength, the lower the frequency). In physics, interference shows two different wave patterns (Constructive and destructive), it is a resultant wave of greater or lower amplitude. Amplitude can be defined as the size of the sound wave; it corresponds to the loudness of the sound. Constructive interference is when two waves have the some peak, the result of the new curve would be greater, which means

The Impact of a Price Change Into Two Components

1789 words - 8 pages economists of his time. The Compensated Demand Curve Definition: the compensated demand curve is a demand curve that ignores the income effect of a price change, only taking into account the substitution effect. To do this, utility is held constant from the change in the price of the good. We will graphically derive the compensated demand curve from indifference curves and budget constraints by incorporating the substitution and income effects

Microeconomics Ppt

1788 words - 8 pages : Utility and indifference curve Intermediate microeconomics: Lecture 3 Utility and indifference curve Budget constraint Consumer’s problem Perfect complement Perfect substitute Figure: Convex preference Intermediate microeconomics: Lecture 3 Utility and indifference curve Budget constraint ◮ ◮ Spending money only for one good is unusual A combination of two goods is often more desirable than having only one of them. Let x (α

Macroeconomics12Th Ed

639 words - 3 pages CH 14 1). a). IS Curve I: 8800-25(4)-25(4)-25(4)-25(4)-20(4)-20(4)-20(4)-15(4)-15(4)-10(4)= 8,000 IS Curve II: 8400-5(4)-5(4)-5(4)-5(4)-10(4)-15(4)-15(4)-15(4)-20(4)= 8,000 b). IS Curve I: 8800-25(3)-25(4)-25(4)-25(4)-20(4)-20(4)-20(4)-15(4)-15(4)-10(4)= 8,025 Quarters 2 thru 10 for Real GDP is 8050, 8075, 8100, 8120, 8140, 8160, 8175, 8190 and 8200. IS Curve II: 8400-5(3)-5(4)-5(4)-5(4)-10(4)-15(4)-15(4)-15(4

Scientific Revolution and Discoveries

988 words - 4 pages astronomer. Kepler contributed the three laws of planetary motion, which helped Isaac Newton later on. These laws were; The planets move around the sun, not in circles, but curve 2. Planets do not move consistently, but in such a way that a line drawn from a planet to the sun spans out an equal area of the curve of its orbit in equal time, even if the curve is not perfectly centered on the sun 3. The squares of the periods of the planets' orbits are

Communication

596 words - 3 pages in such a way that marginal revenue in each market is equal to each other and to the marginal cost EQF It is clear from Fig.  4 that 'C' is the point of equilibrium of the firm in the home market, where marginal revenue CQD is equal to marginal cost EQF. Thus, OQD amount of total output is sold in the home market.                          Fig.  4: Price Determination under Dumping It is clear from the ARD curve of the firm that RQD or OPD

How a Goods' Price Is Determined

1237 words - 5 pages other factors which influence demand that one should consider for example if a validated study was published by the Government making the claim that boxes of chocolate would make you rich. Naturally, the demand for boxes of chocolate would increase. The effect of this shift is shown in graph 1.2 below. The effect is to shift the demand curve to the right – where point D1 indicates the demand curve prior to the publication of the study and D2

Humanities in Physics

2084 words - 9 pages outstanding subject to observe because it has drastically changed and advanced the human perception, art and religion. Physics has contributed so much towards the perception of many human beings around the world and a good understanding how much it has had an effect on humanity is to start briefly early roots of physics. Numerous philosophers 2400 years ago studied the natural world to understand how it functions. Aristotle was the man who

Practice Exam

595 words - 3 pages things being equal, the effect of a decrease in the price of Coca-Cola would cause which of the following? a) A rightward shift in the demand curve for Coca-Cola b) A downward movement along the demand curve for Coca-Cola c) A leftward shift in the demand curve for Coca-Cola d) An upward movement along the demand curve for Coca-Cola 6. Assuming compact discs and cassettes are substitute goods, a

Individual Assignment

670 words - 3 pages Individual Assignment IA-5 Learning Curve Theory Brandon R. Hill University of Maryland University College Author Note This assignment was prepared for Project Management 634, Section 9080, taught by Professor Rudy Watson. Learning curve theory is very important/useful in a variety of business applications. In relation to software development or any product created, learning curve theory is

Related Essays

Speed Of A Car In Physics

807 words - 4 pages Can the Speed of a Car that is Positioned at Different Places Along a Ramp be Predicted? 9 October 2012 Honors Physics Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine if the speed of a car that is positioned at different places along a ramp can be predicted. This goal is to be accomplished by analyzing the time intervals that the car took to travel down the ramp at eight different set distances under one

Research The Part Physics Plays In The Working Of A Dvd

1027 words - 5 pages data can be read at a constant rate. This is because as you move away from the centre there is more data in each spiral, therefore if laser and motor speed stayed the same then reading and writing of the disc would be noticeably slower as the outer parts of the disc was reached. This is an integral aspect of physics which must be properly integrated into the technology.In conclusion, DVD technology is quite complex and varied in the manner it

Physics In Daily Life Essay

1633 words - 7 pages act of chewing it. Another activity that I take part in is driving a car. The lists of things that take place that involve physics while driving a car are countless. The car itself was built on numerous physics concepts. Driving a car around a curve obviously has centripetal force and is a concept we just covered. However, I choose to focus on a rather small part of a car, but no less important. The brakes on my car are what keep form running

Projectile Otion In Sorts Essay

1397 words - 6 pages projectiles range from a football in flight, to a curve ball thrown by a baseball pitcher to a basketball shot at the rim. The flight paths of all projectiles are affected by two factors: gravity and, on Earth at least, air resistance. No matter where you go or what you do, physics is involved in everything. Even the simplest things have deep roots in physics concepts. Physics is especially important in sports. When you’re watching sports, you