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Phychology Essay

1790 words - 8 pages

This essay is an attempt to explain and discuss the characteristics that define a modernised individual/society in psychological, economic and political aspects. Furthermore, it will give a critique as to whether a school is the most potent force through which values can be cultivated. And finally the conclusion will be made.
According to Toulmin (1990), a society is a group of people who live within some type of bounded territory and share a common way of life. This way of life is known as culture, and it includes ...view middle of the document...

There is implementation of a progressive curriculum in the schools, with an emphasis on practical subjects which imparts the knowledge and skills that are necessary in the improvement of the favorable attitudes towards urban-industrial society. Strauss (1958) the work culture improves, so as the production of goods and services.
Individuals have the ability to improve the environment so that the development can be sustainable. They engage themselves into scientific projects that helps to solve the problems that comes along with modernisation. For instance, experts develops a landfill (dumping site) that helps to safely dispose off the waste which generate from the public. Rahe (2006) the level of adult iliteracy is significantly reduced, so that every member contributes to the well being of the society. The majority focus’ on the present and future challenges and how they can solve them, hoping that science and technology may help in solving problems than seeking answers from the ancestral spirits.
Traditional religious beliefs and cultural traits usually becomes less important as modernisation takes hold. The individual becomes more important, eventually replacing the family or community as the fundamental unit of the society. Norris (1995) the families are mostly composed of the father, mother and children only (Nuclear family). The idea of an extended family where different family members are part and parcel of the family (Extended family) is not supported. They take it that most family members are dependants, making it difficult for the family to develop their economic engines or to have a surplus.
Due to continuous researches in science and technology, the tools used for production becomes advanced. In most cases, the machines do much of work than the people. This leads to high level of production of goods and services. Resulting in the raise of the gross national product of the country, and the profits are re-invested in other sectors of the economy, Todaro and Smith (2011). The citizens through employment and running of their own businesses are able to collect their income per capita. The people becomes economically stable, and they are able to meet their basic needs for life (food, shelter, education, health and clothing). And they ...

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