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Photojournalism And Televised News Essay

1573 words - 7 pages

“In the "photo opportunity," […] an event is created for the specific purpose of being represented in a media image, to be consumed by viewers as reality.” (Gramson 387) This essay will explain how a mass society formerly enchanted by photojournalism has become subject to control by the transfer to biased television newscasts. This will be explained using evidence from Ulrich Keller to explore how the introduction of photojournalism created a false sense of truth and reality. Furthermore, I will explain the change which ensued with the birth of television newscasts using Mitchell Stephens’ writing on the matter. I will then connect the shift from photojournalism to televised newscasts to ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, it is explained that these pictures depicted reality, but were in actuality extremely easy to manipulate and misinterpret.
Additionally, space bias as explained by Harold Innis is the ability to easily transport in order to make available to more people, thus creating a larger network (3). With the introduction of smaller, handheld, quick flash cameras photographers were able to easily capture a moment in an expanded range of space. Unfortunately, at its beginning, photographers were scarce therefore the ability to catch a large incident in an instant was very difficult had this incident not been a planed or prolonged event. It was not until the introduction of photo agencies that a wider range of space could be covered to enable more documentation of unpredictable events. Photo agencies bought photos from amateur photographers as well as employed their own staff then sold their pictures to newspapers and magazines nation wide. This allowed for news outlets to receive an assortment of photos to interpret on their own. Thus, with the expansion of pictures available to the press reality was misinterpreted, manipulated and biased. Nonetheless mass society believed the news to be factual due to photographic evidence.
While photojournalism captivated the trust of mass society the introduction of televised newscasts changed the way people consumed news. Television was able to cater to a larger, more diverse mass audience, but at the same time changed how news was publicized. After World War II television had a great expansion into the homes of many citizens. This is when televised newscasts became the new astounding way to learn about the news. Unfortunately, the transformation from photojournalism to televised news was not flawless. Similar to photo agencies, newsreel companies possessed several of the same features. Companies would produce film then sell it to television stations. Comparable to the relationship between photojournalism and photo agencies, newsreel companies and televised news would produce the same kind of biases, misinterpretation and so on. Furthermore, it was not until the 1950’s that stations such as CBC and NBC began to produce their own film reports, which after some in-field stories, the press realized how powerful of a medium televised news was. Photojournalism had created a sense of authentic evidence using pictures, but with the introduction of video evidence the trust became exponential.
Furthermore, textual press accompanied by photographic evidence was able to expand greatly on the subject and go into more length of detail opposed to televised news which took fragments of news thought to be important by the hierarchy at a specific station. Moreover, because large corporations owned many news stations there was a high amount of censorship. This caused a great deal of bias. Political bodies and large companies were inclined to portray certain images, or lack there of, to influence peoples thoughts....

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