Philosophy and gender
Through Japanese history, most philosophers are male and female philosophers are really rare. Women were hard to express their ideas publicly. In ancient Japan, women had lower social status than men because males thought females should stay at home and feed children. Also, â€œWomenâ€ were defined in terms of their ties to traditional Confucian family morals (JPS 1128) so males always thought education and thinking were not necessary to women. The unequal status of male and female leads the rare of women philosophers. Even increase education opportunities and the birth of specialized ...view middle of the document...
There are some famous literary such as Murasaki Shikibuâ€™s â€œTale of Genjiâ€ and â€¨Sei no Shoganonâ€™s â€œThe Pillow Bookâ€ (Nov 20). Through 18-19 century, native studies reconstruction of â€œfeminineâ€ aspect of Heian society in 10th-12th centuries. In premodern Buddhism, women are banned from Buddhist holy mountain temples but in Kamakura period religions, women are accepted as key disciples. In Zen, Dogen thought women can be enlightened Zen masters and Bankei thought Buddha nature equally in women and men (Nov 20).
Shinto was an important for women because women can be educated but should be mothering large families through this period. But at that time, men were samurai and running the country and women stay at home and raising children. Although women can be educated, these knowledge were no use for them (Nov 20). The beginning of the Japanese women movement is because of knowledge of west. At that time, west people began to travel the world and brought their knowledge to the world. These open cultural affected Japanese and lead the movement. There were three famous women philosophers at that time period, Yosano Akiko, Hiratsuka RaichoÌ„ and Yamakawa Kikue. Yosano was know as both poet and social activist. She taught women to discover themselves. She thought womenâ€™s rights as part of human rights, gender and sex not central to identity. I really like a sentence...