The problem of the interaction between philosophy and science is well known. Some philosophers say that philosophy is a science while others say that it is not a science. So, philosophy differs from science as well as from religion by its methodology of cognition and also by world outlook, while science and religion consider that knowledge has only one beginning therefore there is only one true knowledge and only one true methodology of cognition. I think that scientific methodology is in many ways close to the religious one. Science supposes that there is only one proper basis of knowledge, it is experiment and rational analysis of nature, just as religion considers that there is only ...view middle of the document...
Skepticism is based on a simple method: doubt and inquiry. The idea is to neither initially accept claims nor dismiss them; it’s about questioning them and testing them for validity. Only after inquiry does a skeptic take a stance on an issue.
Knowledge is usually defined as beliefs that are justified,true and actionable. Any description, hypothesis, concept, theory, or principle which fits this definiton would be considered knowledge. Philosophy generally discusses propositional knowledge rather than know-how.
Like knowledge, certainty is an epistemic property of beliefs. As with knowledge, it is difficult to provide an uncontentious analysis of certainty. There are several reasons for this. One is that there are different kinds of certainty, which are easy to conflate. Another is that the full value of certainty is surprisingly hard to capture. A third reason is that there are two dimensions to certainty: a belief can be certain at a moment or over some greater length of time.
The substance of money itself does no longer play a role in its function in exchange. Where once money did have substance-value (e.g. gold and silver coins), it has become a pure symbol to determine qualities quantitatively. Money is an instrument entering into nearly all of people’s social interactions. Never a purpose in itself ), money has sheer infinite capacities of applicability in exchange relations.
We all have the desire to control our destiny but the degree to which we are able to manifest that desire concretely is, ironically, not under our control. The desire itself, however, as a human is as real and important a phenomena as the factors which control the...