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Philosophy Essay

1269 words - 6 pages

One of the many philosophical arguments in the book is the Ontological Argument. Ontological Argument is highly recognized as one of the most remarkable arguments ever set forth not just an argument for God’s existence but a purely analytic argument. Ontological argument was regarded as the most intriguing of all arguments for theism. It also regarded as family of arguments. This particular argument is also called “a priori” argument. This does not rely mainly on the facts on observable world. But , it tries to show that the existence of God comes from the very definition of God itself as the most perfect being without using facts. An “a priori” argument about God’s existence depends on how ...view middle of the document...

Thomas offered not just one but five philosophical proofs which is popularly known as the Five Ways. Another preliminary point that needs to be mentioned in the Cosmological Argument is to bear in mind the general strategy employed to arrive at its conclusion. As we are about to see in the version of St. Thomas, the specific way of reasoning that is used is to begin with a bare fact of a concrete phenomenon of the world. Out of this particular datum that is obvious to our own sensible experience, the argument will then provoke us to search for an explanation.
Teleological argument has something to do with direction or destiny. Teleological argument is called as such because it points to the fact that many things and processes in the universe seems as though they were designed to fulfill purposeful ends or goals. It attempts to derive the existence of God from the premise that the world exhibits intelligent purpose and proceeds to the conclusion that there must be or probably is a divine intelligent being, which caused the purpose or order that it manifests in nature. The Teleological Argument has also been the most theistic arguments tending to evoke spontaneous assent, the simple and sophisticated alike. The most famous exposition of the Teleological Argument is William Paley. In his work, Paley popularized the argument from design with his concrete illustration of human artifact. This is the watch that he compared to the world. The argument from design, primarily based on analogy between the watch and the world, come to be particularly known as Argument from Analogy. The analogical argument from design consists of drawing an analogy between natural object and man-made artifacts. Here, Paley argued for the existence of God based on an analogy between the universe and a machine. Paley’s proof for the existence of God begins with what we can readily observe in the sensible world of natural phenomena. More specifically, his own version of the teleological argument makes use of an analogy or comparison.
In the history of religious philosophy, there is one very distinctive approach to God that tries to understand, on a more reflective level, this concrete and specific aspect of man’s moral experience—that of conscience. This one very distinctive path to God that is anchored on the central idea that conscience is the voice of God was fully expressed and richly developed by the English writer and philosopher-theologian, Cardinal John Henry Newman in his last major work—An essay in Aid of a Grammar Of Assent. He called it argument from Conscience. A personal, spontaneous and emotional experience of God that is innate and open to all men and women. For Newman, faith in the existence of God should be...

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