This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Philosophy Essay

552 words - 3 pages

Plato's famous question concerning the nature of goodness asks whether a thing is good because God says it is good, or does God say it's good because it is good. This is known as Euthyphro Dilemma (Rachels 51). The dilemma makes clear the way in which we as humans are confused and circular about our uses of the concept of authority, trying to pin one type of authority onto another, until we have gone full circle without ever having to explain it. It shows that religion and morality are both as human as ever, for it is the humans that are trying to work out where authority is, whether it is in the divine, or elsewhere, and our judgments are always going to be limited and human, and ultimately depend upon humanity for the source of authority of our ...view middle of the document...

Basically it is the theory that there would be no Moral standards if God did not demand them from us. The consequences of endorsing the first of Socrates option, we will be stuck with the most religious people would find unacceptable (Rachels 52). In other words, we lead ourselves to trouble, for it represents God’s commands as arbitrary. Then the second of Socrates option, we may say that God commands us to do certain things because they are right (Rachels 52). To put it differently, God’s commands are not arbitrary; they are the result of his wisdom in knowing what is best.
The way we have been informed about moral values is connected to the history of the development of moral values in history, and this has been a process that is closely connected to religious culture, as well as class and other social phenomenon. However, this history and learning is arguably arbitrary and contingent too - we believe that something is moral because a system of values has been handed to us by our contemporary cultural and religious situation.
In conclusion, value is always judged by beings with reasons for making particular judgments or commands (for anything else would reasonably be ignored by them, and would lack authority). I do not say that it is created by such beings. Morality depends upon religion insofar as religion can show itself to be reasonable in its views that command x or y or z is a command of a God that knows better than us. The thing is good to the degree that it fulfills its purposes. Because God is the creator of all things, according to His own good nature, He is therefore both the standard and declarer of goodness.

Work Cited

Rachels, James. The Elements of Moral Philosophy. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.

Other Papers Like Philosophy

Philosophy Essay

2205 words - 9 pages Philosophy of Education (Example #1) My personal goal for my future classroom is to challenge students and watch them grow to their full potential. I want to take students at different levels and see them develop together for the betterment of each individual. Therefore, group work is the key to having a successful class and is something I value, especially with older students. The impact of group work, when students help fellow

Philosophy Essay

1269 words - 6 pages natural object and man-made artifacts. Here, Paley argued for the existence of God based on an analogy between the universe and a machine. Paley’s proof for the existence of God begins with what we can readily observe in the sensible world of natural phenomena. More specifically, his own version of the teleological argument makes use of an analogy or comparison. In the history of religious philosophy, there is one very distinctive approach to

Philosophy

1784 words - 8 pages PHI130 Mind, Meaning, and Metaphysics DALILE, Boushra Rationalism vs. Empiricism: A Deficient Distinction Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. It explores how knowledge can be acquired and considers its limits and validity. Rationalism and empiricism are distinct epistemological schools of thought. Among others, they differ significantly regarding the source of concepts and ideas

Philosophy - 1643 words

1643 words - 7 pages PHILMAN PRELIM Lesson 3: Greek Wisdom of Man The Greek Triumvirate The Greek Triumvirate of philosophy is known for having a chain of teacher-student relationship. Socrates was the teacher of Plato; Plato was the teacher of Aristotle; and Aristotle was the teacher of one of history’s greatest conqueror – Alexander, the Great. The Greek Triumvirate & the Three Oriental Sages * Although the teachings of the Three Oriental Sages and

Philosophy - 719 words

719 words - 3 pages Philosophy: A Modern Age As I look around me at my peers I notice a lack of drive. Many people comment on the degrading of dress, and of behavior, that the new generation is without manner, or class. They attribute this to modern media and a divergent from hard-set traditions. I however disagree; I believe that it is a lack of determination, a lack of goals, and a lack of reward. In the past the American dream has driven people to do great

Philosophy - 731 words

731 words - 3 pages Philosophy of the Human Spring Term 2012 Prof. Meyer Suggested Paper Topics Write a 5-7 page paper double spaced with one inch margins in Times font on one of the following questions, or a topic of your own design. Papers are due by April 30 at midnight for electronic submission. Temple plagiarism policies apply to this assignment. 1. What does Sartre mean by existentialism, and how does an individual's freedom to act in the

Philosophy - 818 words

818 words - 4 pages programs back into balance (Kurtzleben 1). The pending financial problem of Social Security brings into mind the philosophy of John Stuart Mill. Mill clearly endorses the concept of utilitarianism that asserts that duty or right action is to be defined in terms of the promotion of happiness. One of the main principles of Mill centers on the idea of “greatest-happiness” which asserts that an individual must always act in such a way that the action

Philosophy - 1311 words

1311 words - 6 pages Rita Jackson Professor Smythe Philosophy 1000-01 April 4, 2010 The welfare state offers the solution that we can have the best of both worlds (Smythe). It attempts to provide a happy mean between capitalism and socialism by guaranteeing all citizens the resources needed for a decent life (Nathanson). Nathanson believes this is what constitutes the welfare state. First, it maximizes well-being by providing all with sufficient funds

Philosophy - 1181 words

1181 words - 5 pages | | |Is God required as the basis for Ethical Justification | |Philosophy 116

Philosophy - 1199 words

1199 words - 5 pages : McGraw-Hill Companies References Christian, J.L. (2009). Philosophy: An Introduction to the Art of Wondering. Tenth Ed. Retrieved July 14, 2013 from Wadsworth Cengage Learning Milton, L. (2013).  Phil320 Ethics: The Hallmark of Leaders At all Levels. Retrieved July 8, 2013 from http://ctuadobeconnect.careeredonline.com/Live Chat II

Philosophy - 2927 words

2927 words - 12 pages Philosophy Critically assess the claim that all religious language is meaningless. (35) Religious language has been argued about by many philosophers with regards to whether or not the ways in which we speak about religion are meaningful. This issue of religious language is concerned with the methods by which man talks about God in conjunction with theist or atheist ideologies. For some, religious language is meaningful and full of purpose

Related Essays

Philosophy Essay 897 Words

897 words - 4 pages ! Cirillo - Thinking about Philosophy ! The word philosophy refers to both a discipline and a mindset. At its essence, philosophy implies the mindset of critical thinking, a quest to find out the truth and the discipline to have a good argument. Derived from the Greek words Philos - loving and Sophia - meaning wisdom and the the love of wisdom. Philosophy can be broken down into many categories. Included in theses subsets are

Philosophy Essay 556 Words

556 words - 3 pages Everyone seems to have a philosophy on life – what would be the point of living everyday without some absolute, underlying purpose to existence? When there is an unknown in life, man manifests a comfort for the sole purpose of security. This has been true throughout time whether it be philosophies about nature, religion, etc. The fact is that we do not like having unknowns in our life; we don’t like having variables. Man has been engaged in

Philosophy Essay 1487 Words

1487 words - 6 pages an American Philosopher, who focused on philosophy in the field of moral theories. She is a distinguished Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago. Her interests include the ancient Greek, ethics, political philosophy, Roman philosophy, feminism and animal rights. Her works include various books either as an author or an editor. Carl Safina is a philosopher who explored the inner feelings of the animals in his book Beyond Words

Philosophy Essay 1337 Words

1337 words - 6 pages Lexi Fatheree KINE 1311 Doctor Ballard 24 September 2014 Philosophy Paper Introductioin: Who am I? Well I am still trying to figure that out myself. I am only nineteen and there are so many things that I have yet to experience. There are so many people that I have yet to meet. But I am taking things day by day, one at a time. I have thought long and hard as to what my philosophy on life is. And that philosophy is “Never Be Satisfied