|Is God required as the basis for Ethical Justification |
|Philosophy 116 |
|Saadia Farhat |
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There are also those who do not believe in God and say morality is a man made concept to control the masses so the few can control the many. I even found references of atheist who do believe in a collective morality that every living being is born with that all humans and animals without being taught what is right and wrong.
I was reading about a professor at Yale University Professor Paul Bloom he is a psychologist whose department has studied ethics and morality in babies for years. He has been quoted as saying that there is mounting evidence from experiments and trials that humans have a rudimentary moral and ethical sense from the very start of life. His teams’ experiments have been varied but some that caught my attention were 6 month old babies shown a simple puppet show of one puppet trying to travel uphill and a “helpful” puppet comes to help him and a third “naughty” puppet keeps pushing him down. These babies have had no outside influences and have never been told what’s right or wrong, but they instinctively spend more time with the neutral and the “helpful/good” puppet and less time with the “naughty” puppet. Some of them even dish out their own punishment by smacking the “naughty” puppet. How did they know this without being taught?
Then came the explanations and very different takes on the outcomes of these experiments. There are the religious groups saying that God has created us with these rules and moral standards, they say God is our pastor and we his sheep were created by his hand and to have us live a righteous life as intended we were “preprogrammed” by his hand of the knowledge of good and evil. They continue to state that those who do evil do it willingly and defy God and will eventually face his wrath so we must follow His guidelines. Then the groups who do not believe in a higher power have several explanations. They point to another expert Dr. Nadja Reissland that she believes there can never be a neutral or blank slate to start with as babies from the womb or as soon as they are born start to learn the differences of right/wrong or good/evil. She believes everything hinges on who decides what’s normal it could be something as simple as the children rather see things go up the hill instead of down and they do not know that being push back down is “naughty” it’s just they rather see the puppet go uphill.
Ethical justification has been taken to a whole other level when applied philosophically. They say morals were instilled in us by God, so the Faithful have taken the presence of these ingrained morality and used it as the basis of proof that God exists. For example they say:
1- We know morality exists.
2- Morality can only exists if God...