This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Philosophical Essay Part 1

1267 words - 6 pages

Philosophical Essay Part 1
5. Socrates asks Euthyphro, “Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally good, or are they morally good because they are willed by God?” (1) How does this question relate to the Divine Command Theory of morality? (2) What are the philosophical implications associated with each option here?

Divine command theory is widely held to be refuted by an argument known as “the Euthyphro dilemma”. This argument is named after Plato’s Euthyphro dialogue, which contains the inspiration for the argument, though not, as is sometimes thought, the argument itself.
The Euthyphro dilemma rests on a modernised version of the question asked by Socrates in ...view middle of the document...

Therefore:
(7) It is not the case that (ii) morally good acts are morally good because they are willed by God.
Therefore:
(8) Divine command theory is false.
The first premise of the Euthyphro dilemma presents two alternatives to the divine command theorist: either morally good acts are willed by God because they are morally good, or morally good acts are morally good because they are willed by God. The two options offered to the divine command theorist are intended to be logically exhaustive, so that if divine command theory is true then one of the options must be the case. The divine command theorist is therefore forced to choose one of the options to affirm.
The second premise states the consequences of the divine command theorist affirming the first of the options offered to him in premise (1), “morally good acts are willed by God because they are morally good”. It states that if the first option is true then the morally good is morally good independent of God’s will. This claim is supported by an argument known as the independence problem.
The third premise denies that the morally good is morally good independent of God’s will. Of course, the critic of divine command theory does not believe this premise to be true; he believes that morality is independent of God’s will. However, the divine command theorist is committed to accepting this claim because divine command theory just is the theory that all moral truths are dependent on God’s will. Though critics of divine command theory disbelieve this premise, then, they can still use it against the divine command theorist.
The first subconclusion, (4) is the rejection of the first option offered to the divine command theorist in premise (1), “morally good acts are willed by God because they are morally good”. That this option is false follows from premises (2) and (3).
Premise (5) states the consequences of the divine command theorist affirming the second of the options offered to him in premise (1), “morally good acts are morally good because they are willed by God”. It states that if this option is true then there is no reason either to care about God’s moral goodness or to worship him. The first claim is supported the emptiness problem, and the second by the problem of abhorrent commands.
(6) states that we do have reason both to care about God’s moral goodness and to worship him. Again, this is used as a premise to which the divine command theorist is committed, rather than as a premise that the critic of divine command theory believes is true.
The second subconclusion, (7), is the rejection of...

Other Papers Like Philosophical Essay Part 1

Some Advice on Writing a Philosophy Essay

1619 words - 7 pages techniques for making the task manageable, and a large part of the invisible agenda of a philosophy course is the acquisition of these techniques. Most styles of philosophical argument begin with a claim and argue for or against it. For example, a dialogue form continuously modifies one or more initial claims in response to criticisms. Another method works by finding plausible reasons for a position you are opposing, and then undermines them. A

Problem of Other Mind Essay

2303 words - 10 pages our own? This essay will attempt to rationalize the existence of other minds by analyzing two philosophical views and approaches made by philosophers. The two views of which this paper is concerned are logical behavioralism or peripheralism and the argument from analogy. These two philosophical views will be analyzed in order to ratify whether or not the problems of other minds can really be resolved conclusively. There are certain

Humanties 112

806 words - 4 pages Descartes' Discourse on the Method (Part IV) Wayne Murphy Strayer University World Cultures II HUM112054GA050-1116-001 Dr. Darryl C. Claybon July 18, 2011 Abstract The purpose of this essay is to choose one of the three reading selections from the list of topic choices below. 1. Descartes’ Discourse on the Method (Part IV) 2. Swift’s A Modest Proposal 3. Voltaire’s Candide Read the selection topic in the textbook, and

Superior Being

996 words - 4 pages Name: Nguyen Tu Anh Student ID: 570009C First Year Seminar Debate paper 1 Topic: Is it ever right to try to create a superior human being? - aye When asking the question “Is it ever right to try to create superior human being?” we are actually raising two issues: whether it is justifiable to attempt to create superior human being in the first place and whether the being created is the right cause for that attempt. In this essay I would like

Lesson Plan

826 words - 4 pages Lesson Plan in Literature (Essay) I. Objectives A. Focus Skills 1. State the main idea of the essay read 2. Compare the train’s movement to one’s life B. Support Skills 1. Unlock the difficult terms through context clues 2. Identify the author’s purpose 3. Interpret the concepts found in the essay by using varied activities such as group discussion, Venn diagram, rap rendition, etc. II. Subject Matter

Process Analysis

1649 words - 7 pages (“How to”) essay. 1. The “big idea” behind the paper: Practically everyone knows how to do something very well. In fact, many people know how to do something so well that they could actually teach someone else to do it. That is the main purpose behind the process essay. You are to select something (a process) that you know how to do very well and then write a regular essay which “teaches” the reader how to do that same thing. 2. Here are some

‘the Sublime Escapes the Limits of Representation’ (Nicola Trott). Discuss the Role of the Sublime in Romantic and/or Gothic Writing

2622 words - 11 pages ]. Ed Cameron. Ironic Escapism in the Symbolic Spread of Gothic Materialist Meaning. University of Texas Pan-American (2008) [ 14 ]. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelly. Frankenstein. (London: Wordsworth Editions, 1993) Ch. 5. Para 1. Line 3 [ 15 ]. Mary Wollsteonecraft Shelly. Frankenstein. (London: Wordsworth Editions, 1993) Kindle loc 1580 [ 16 ]. Samuel Taylor Coleridge ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’. (United States:Doverpublications, 1834) Part 1

Great Essay Presentation

876 words - 4 pages right or wrong answer. The college just wants to know who you are and how your mind works. Bad essay topics - there are bad essays, not bad topics; but be careful about the following: • • • • • • • • • • • Winning or losing the big game. Death of a pet. Friendship problems. Religious or philosophical epiphanies. Telling troubles to a journal. Anything that suggests that you don’t see the world beyond high school. Simple

Essay Writing

566 words - 3 pages 1. What is an essay? essay is a piece of writing in prose on any subject-matter in which the author purpose to give an individual interpretation of material.  2. What are the elements of essay? INTRODUCTION Introductions serve a number of purposes. As it is the first part of your essay your reader will encounter, and as you will want your reader to continue reading, choose introductions that grab attention. Certainly introductions

Guide to Preparing Essay Outline

995 words - 4 pages Guide to Preparing Your Essay Outline (N.B. This guide is to be read in conjunction with the ‘Introducing Philosophy’ booklet handed out at the beginning of the course) An essay outline for this course comprises two components: • A thesis statement • A section-by-section summary of the developing argument. • References A thesis statement Your essay should be a good philosophical argument. Such an argument, at

Psychological Egoism

2314 words - 10 pages . Psychological egoism however states that all human actions are uncontrollably selfish, and that this is part of our human nature. It should be noted before continuing that this essay will be assessing this more radical form of psychological egoism , which identifies that ‘selfishness is’ the only way one can possibly performs actions, disregarding any consideration of others unless this aids their selfish action in some way. Psychological egoism can

Related Essays

Tma 02 Part 1: Essay Write An Essay Of 1500 Words On: Compare And Contrast How Content Analysis And Ethnographic Research Have Been Used To Study Children’s Understanding Of Friendship

1117 words - 5 pages The understanding of friendship and the complexities of emotions, expectations and boundaries has been researched only relatively recently. This essay will look at the studies conducted by Brian Bigelow and John La Gaipa in 1975 and William Corsaro, 1985, into what friendship means to children. It will compare and contrast the significant similarities and differences the research contained in of the friendships that children create and maintain

Epistemological Analysis

1831 words - 8 pages of attempts, a class participant has the opportunity, its/thoughts to unite philosophical or social points divide. Before beginning to write, a class participant should regard some possible topics and select an appealing. Letter of the reflecting attempts the structure of a reflecting attempt is similar to any other kind attempt: Purpose 1. The introductory point is to along-include the reader in narration. Form the first sentence sound

Aesthetics Theory Essay

687 words - 3 pages 1. INTRODUCTION Fig 1 Bungie, The Traveler, 2012. Digital artwork, 1095X787cm. (2012: The Traveller in Destiny) This essay will attempt to examine and briefly describe Aesthetic theory as part of visual communication, as well as the three different disciplines used to study it namely philosophical, scientific and artistic. A visual example from the Destiny video game, has been selected to be examined and related to the theory of aesthetics

Suffering Essay

1188 words - 5 pages this course with a passing grade. Choose 1 essay topic from the following list of 16: Sartre Write an essay which explicates and evaluates some of the central claims in Sartre’s “Existentialism” (the first essay of Existentialism and Human Emotions.) You should frame your essay around a particular philosophical claim or theme which you would like to write about in Sartre’s essay. For example: 1. How does Sartre argue that