PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION
MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY
Introduction:- Man is always curious to know:
his relationship with god,
his destiny etc. &
this constant effort of man to understand reality may be termed as philosophy. It is an attempt to unfold life.s mysteries and find meaning in them. Hence it is called the Mother of all Arts and the Science of all Sciences.
. Etymological meaning:-
Greek origin :- .Philos. + .Sophia.
i.e. Philosophy = love for wisdom.
Sanskrit origin :- .drish. = .to see.
i.e. Darshan = knowledge of reality.
Dr. Radhakrishnan - Philosophy is a logical ...view middle of the document...
4) Role of teacher:
Role model with logical thinking & reasoning; Authority with extensive knowledge about the great books.
Relationship between philosophy and education
There is a wide and close relationship between education and philosophy. Both philosophy and education are integrally and independently related to each other.
The following are a few viewpoints that establish the relationship between philosophy and education:
View of Ross: ¡°Philosophy and education are the two sides of the same coin; the former is the contemplative while the latter is the active side¡±.
View of John Dewey: John Dewey endorses the viewpoint of Ross when he says, ¡°Philosophy is the theory of education in its most general phase¡±.
Fichte¡¯s view: ¡°The art of education will never attain complete clearness without philosophy¡±.
Spencer¡¯s view: ¡°True education is practicable to true philosophers¡±.
Gentile¡¯s view: ¡°Education without philosophy would mean a failure to understand the precise nature of education¡±.
Education is dependent on philosophy due to following reasons:
Philosophy determines the real destination towards which education has to go: Philosophy has always inspired educational theory as well as practice. It determines the real destination towards which education has to go.
In the words of Dewey: ¡°Education is laboratory in which philosophic distinctions become concrete, and are tested¡±.
Philosophy is wisdom; education transmits that wisdom from one generation to the other. Philosophy represents a system of thought; education embraces that thought in the content of instruction. Philosophy embodies a way of life; education is the preparation for life. Philosophy is the knowledge obtained by natural reason; education is the development of that reason and other powers of mind.
Philosophy determines the various aspects of education: Every aspect of education has a philosophical base. There is no aspect of education . aims, curriculum, methods, text books, discipline, teacher etc. which is not influenced and determined by philosophy. Height and breadth of education is probed by philosophy. It is philosophy which provides aims to education and these aims determine the curriculum, the methods of teaching, the text books, the role of the teacher and the school discipline.
Great Philosophers have been great educationists also: Great Philosophers have been great educationists in the East as well in the West. We can find the clearest examples of the dependence of education on philosophy in the lives and teachings of all the great philosophers from Yajnavalka down to Gandhi in the
East and from Socrates down to John Dewey in the West. Philosophers like Gandhi, Tagore, Radhakrishnan, Aurobindo Gosh, Plato, Socrates, Locke, Comenius, Rousseau, Froebel and Dewey have been great educators. They reflected their philosophical views in their educational schemes. Socrates have given the world his ¡°Socratic...