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Pharmacology Essay

402 words - 2 pages

Keyontaye Meariday
February 18, 2015
LRC project #3
Restless Leg Syndrome:
* Restless Leg Syndrome is a disorder characterized by an unpleasant tickling or twitching sensation in the leg muscles when sitting or lying down, which is relieved only by moving the legs.

Causative Agent:
* RLS also appears to be related to the following factors or conditions, although researchers do not yet know if these factors actually cause RLS, chronic diseases such as kidney failure, diabetes, and peripheral neuropathy.

Transmission:
* Experts believe that restless legs syndrome is caused by an imbalance of dopamine, a chemical that transmits ...view middle of the document...

Signs of Symptoms:
* Not only are the signs and symptoms of restless legs syndrome different from person to person, but also they can be tricky to explain. Some describe the leg sensations as creeping, prickling, burning, tingling, or tugging. Others say it feels as if bugs are crawling up their legs, a fizzy soda is bubbling through their veins, or they have a deep bone itch.

Treatments:
* Sleep better by sticking to a regular sleep schedule. 
* Exercise in moderation. 
* Cut back on caffeine. 
* Avoid alcohol and cigarettes. 
* Consider dietary supplements. 
* Lose weight.
* Try practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation.

Statics Rating:
* RLS may affect as many as one in 10 people in the U.S.
* 5 million U.S. adults (about 2-3 percent) have moderate to severe RLS
* 5 percent of adults have a mild form of RLS
* 1 million children of school age have restless leg syndrome
* RLS affects twice as many women as men
* Moderate cases of RLS present symptoms one to two times per week
* Severe cases of RLS have symptoms more than twice per week
* 80 percent of people with RLS also have periodic limb movement of sleep (PLMS)
* Symptoms continue longer and become more frequent with age
* The onset of restless leg syndrome does not indicate the presence of other neurological diseases

Reference:
* http://www.helpguide.org/articles/sleep/restless-leg-syndrome-rls.htm

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