According to trait theory, human personality is composed of a number of broad traits or dispositions.
Gordon Allport identified more than 4,000 words in the English language that could be used to describe personality traits. Later, Raymond Cattell reduced it first to 171 and then to 16 personality factors using elimination and statistical techniques.
According to Cattell, there is a continuum of personality traits. In other words, each person contains all of these 16 traits to a certain degree, but they might be high in some traits and low in others. The following personality trait list describes some of the descriptive terms used for each of the 16 personality dimensions described by ...view middle of the document...
16 PF Factor Meanings
1.Factor - The tendency to be warmly involved with people versus the tendency to be
more reserved socially and interpersonally
Low scorers tend to be more cautious in involvement and attachments. They tend to like working alone, often on mechanical or intellectual or artistic pursuits.
High scorers like working with people and are comfortable in situations
where contact with others is required. Extreme scorers may be
uncomfortable in situations where the close relationships they seek are unavailable
2. Factor - The ability to solve problems using reason or intelligence.
Low scorers prefer problems be clearly spelled out and a solution readily
available (algorithmic). Transfer of knowledge from one situation
to the next is more difficult for them.
High scorers tend to prefer to figure problems out for themselves. They
more easily transfer principles from one situation to another.
3.Factor - Feelings about coping with day-to-day life and its challenges
Low scorers feel a certain lack of control over life and tend to be more
reactive to their surroundings. They tend to dwell on negative occurrences, and may worry about not meeting their own expectations and the expectations others may have on them (especially with high A)
High scorers feel more in control of their life and surroundings. They take a
more proactive approach in dealing with life stresses and emotions are managed effectively. They recover from upset easily and report feelings satisfied with their day’s accomplishments. Extreme scores may reflect a defensiveness or unwillingness to report “negative” experiences.
4. Factor- The tendency to exert one’s will over others versus accommodating others’ wishes.
Low scorers tend to avoid conflict by acquiescing to the wishes of others.
They are self-effacing and willing to set aside their wishes and feelings.
High scorers tend to be dominating and aggressive in imposing their will onto other
people. They are forceful, vocal, and pushy in obtaining what they want. They offer their opinions even when not asked and the feel free to criticize others. Extreme levels can alienate people who do not wish to be dominated. (Not necessarily assertiveness)
5.Factor – Liveliness
Low scorers take life more seriously, are quieter, more cautious, and less playful.
They tend to inhibit their spontaneity sometimes to the point of appearing constricted. They may be perceived of as mature, but not fun or entertaining.
High scorers are enthusiastic, spontaneous, and attention seeking. They are drawn to stimulating social situations. Extreme scores may reflect a flighty quality that is seen as unreliable, or immature.
6. Factor - The extent to which cultural standards of right and wrong are internalized and used to govern behavior.
Low scorers eschew rules and regulations, due to a poorly developed sense of right
versus wrong, or because their morals are not solely...